University of Hertfordshire

An index of fatal toxicity for new psychoactive substances

University of Hertfordshire Research Archive

Help | UH Research Archive

Show simple item record

contributor authorKing, L.A.
contributor authorCorkery, John
date accessioned2018-07-11T09:58:37Z
date available2018-07-11T09:58:37Z
date issued2018-07
identifier citationKing , L A & Corkery , J 2018 , ' An index of fatal toxicity for new psychoactive substances ' Journal of Psychopharmacology , vol 32 , no. 7 , pp. 793-801 . DOI: 10.1177/0269881118754709en
identifier issn0269-8811
identifier otherPURE: 13112219
identifier otherPURE UUID: 80937aea-3189-4abb-9139-20fcf72934c4
identifier urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2299/20275
descriptionThe final, definitive version of this paper has been published in Journal of Psychopharmacology, February 2018, published by SAGE Publishing, All rights reserved.en
description abstractAn index of fatal toxicity for new psychoactive substances (NPS) has been developed based solely on information provided on death certificates. An updated index of fatal toxicity (Tf), as first described in 2010 (King and Corkery, 2010), was calculated based on the ratio of deaths to prevalence and seizures for the original five substances (amphetamine, cannabis, cocaine/crack, heroin and MDMA) . These correlated well with the 2010 index. Deaths were then examined both for cases where the substance was and was not found in association with other substances. This ratio (Sole to All mentions; S/A) was then calculated for deaths in the period 1993 to 2016. This new measure of fatal toxicity, expressed by S/A, was well-correlated with the index Ln(Tf) of the original reference compounds. The calculation of S/A was then extended to a group of NPS where insufficient prevalence or seizure data were available to directly determine a value of Tf. by interpolation of a graph of Tf versus S/A. Benzodiazepine analogues (BZD) had particularly low values of S/A and hence Tf. By contrast, γ-hydroxybutyrate/γ-butyrolactone (GHB/GBL), AMT, synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonists (SCRAs) and benzofurans had a higher fatal toxicity.en
format extent9en
language isoeng
relation ispartofJournal of Psychopharmacologyen
rightsen
subjectmortality statisticsen
subjectprevalenceen
subjectdrug usersen
subjectavailabilityen
subjectnew psychoactive substancesen
subjectlegal highsen
titleAn index of fatal toxicity for new psychoactive substancesen
typeArticleen
contributor institutionCentre for Clinical Practice, Safe Medicines and Drug Misuse Researchen
contributor institutionDepartment of Pharmacy, Pharmacology and Postgraduate Medicineen
contributor institutionPsychopharmacology, Drug Misuse and Novel Psychoactive Substances Uniten
contributor institutionHealth Services and Clinical Research Centreen
contributor institutionSchool of Life and Medical Sciencesen
identifier doihttps://doi.org/10.1177/0269881118754709
description versionauthorsversionen
description statusPeer revieweden


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Your requested file is now available for download. You may start your download by selecting the following link: test