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dc.contributor.authorLaws, K.R.
dc.date.accessioned2011-02-08T12:19:55Z
dc.date.available2011-02-08T12:19:55Z
dc.date.issued2004
dc.identifier.citationLaws , K R 2004 , ' Sex differences in lexical size across semantic categories ' Personality and Individual Differences , vol 36 , no. 1 , pp. 23-32 . DOI: 10.1016/S0191-8869(03)00048-5en
dc.identifier.issn0191-8869
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 194938
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 2c01c8c2-6bf2-4e52-91b9-8c0414e4de0e
dc.identifier.otherdspace: 2299/5313
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 0344944063
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2299/5313
dc.descriptionOriginal article can be found at: http://www.sciencedirect.com Copyright Elsevier Limited [Full text of this article is not available in the UHRA]en
dc.description.abstractRecent studies have reported that males show better naming of nonliving things than females, while females show better naming of living things than males. Such effects may reflect sex differences in the size of lexicons across categories or their access/retrieval strategies. These possibilities were examined in three experiments using semantic fluency tasks for two living (animals, fruits) and two nonliving (tools, vehicles) categories. Experiment 1 documented better fluency for ‘fruits’ in females (n=300) and for ‘tools’ and ‘vehicles’ in males (n=300). Experiment 2 examined fluency consistency by re-testing a subgroup of subjects again 30 min later. This confirmed the pattern across sex and revealed that subjects reproduced 70% of the same words (even when not instructed to do so). Finally, in Experiment 3, a new sample of male and female subjects was tested for 4 min to exhaust their fluency lexicons and overcome access/strategy effects. This confirmed the female advantage for fruits and male advantage for tools. These findings are consistent with differences in the size of lexicons for males and females and are attributed to sex differences in domain-specific processing systems.en
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofPersonality and Individual Differencesen
dc.rightsen
dc.subjectgender differencesen
dc.subjectfluencyen
dc.subjectcategory specificityen
dc.subjectnormative dataen
dc.subjectdomain-specificityen
dc.titleSex differences in lexical size across semantic categoriesen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Psychologyen
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(03)00048-5
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden
herts.preservation.rarelyaccessedtrue


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