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Sex differences in lexical size across semantic categories

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contributor authorLaws, K.R.
date accessioned2011-02-08T12:19:55Z
date available2011-02-08T12:19:55Z
date issued2004
identifier citationLaws , K R 2004 , ' Sex differences in lexical size across semantic categories ' Personality and Individual Differences , vol 36 , no. 1 , pp. 23-32 . DOI: 10.1016/S0191-8869(03)00048-5en
identifier issn0191-8869
identifier otherPURE: 194938
identifier otherPURE UUID: 2c01c8c2-6bf2-4e52-91b9-8c0414e4de0e
identifier otherdspace: 2299/5313
identifier otherScopus: 0344944063
identifier urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2299/5313
descriptionOriginal article can be found at: http://www.sciencedirect.com Copyright Elsevier Limited [Full text of this article is not available in the UHRA]en
description abstractRecent studies have reported that males show better naming of nonliving things than females, while females show better naming of living things than males. Such effects may reflect sex differences in the size of lexicons across categories or their access/retrieval strategies. These possibilities were examined in three experiments using semantic fluency tasks for two living (animals, fruits) and two nonliving (tools, vehicles) categories. Experiment 1 documented better fluency for ‘fruits’ in females (n=300) and for ‘tools’ and ‘vehicles’ in males (n=300). Experiment 2 examined fluency consistency by re-testing a subgroup of subjects again 30 min later. This confirmed the pattern across sex and revealed that subjects reproduced 70% of the same words (even when not instructed to do so). Finally, in Experiment 3, a new sample of male and female subjects was tested for 4 min to exhaust their fluency lexicons and overcome access/strategy effects. This confirmed the female advantage for fruits and male advantage for tools. These findings are consistent with differences in the size of lexicons for males and females and are attributed to sex differences in domain-specific processing systems.en
language isoeng
relation ispartofPersonality and Individual Differencesen
rightsen
subjectgender differencesen
subjectfluencyen
subjectcategory specificityen
subjectnormative dataen
subjectdomain-specificityen
titleSex differences in lexical size across semantic categoriesen
typeArticleen
contributor institutionDepartment of Psychologyen
identifier doihttps://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(03)00048-5
description statusPeer revieweden


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