Elemental fingerprinting of Hypericum perforatum (St John's Wort) herb and preparations using ICP-OES and chemometrics
Owen, Jade D.
Kirton, Stewart B.
Evans, Sara J.
Stair, Jacqueline L.
© 2016 Elsevier B.V. St. John's wort (SJW) (Hypericum perforatum) is a herbal remedy commonly used to treat mild depression. The elemental profiles of 54 samples (i.e., dry herbs, tablets and capsules) were evaluated by monitoring 25 elements using Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-OES). The major elemental constituents in the SJW samples were Ca (300-199,000 μg/g), Mg (410-3,530 μg/g), Al (4.4-900 μg/g), Fe (1.154-760 μg/g), Mn (2.4-261 μg/g), Sr (0.88-83.6 μg/g), and Zn (7-64 μg/g). For the sixteen elements that could be reliably quantified, principal component analysis (PCA) was used to investigate underlying patterns in the data. PCA models identified 7 key elements (i.e., Ba, Ca, Cd, Mg, Mo, Ni and Y), which described 85% of the variance in the dataset in the first three principal components. The PCA approach resulted in a general delineation between the three different formulations and provides a basis for monitoring product quality in this manner.