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dc.contributor.authorTanner, Amy
dc.contributor.authorDay, Shannon
dc.date.accessioned2017-10-24T15:52:45Z
dc.date.available2017-10-24T15:52:45Z
dc.date.issued2017-09-01
dc.identifier.citationTanner , A & Day , S 2017 , ' The Effects of a 4-Week, Intensified Training, and Competition Period on Salivary Hormones, Immunoglobulin A, Illness Symptoms, and Mood State in Elite Synchronised Swimmers ' , Sports , vol. 5 , no. 3 . https://doi.org/10.3390/sports5030064
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 12471536
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 36e3a974-976c-4e8e-8f64-e51223d3e082
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85063889433
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2299/19478
dc.description© 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
dc.description.abstractGiven the limited research into the physiological and psychological demands of elite synchronised swimming, the aim of this study was to examine 10 elite female synchronised swimmers and analyse the relationship between training load, stress, illness episodes, and salivary biomarkers during a period of training and competition. Saliva samples were collected before (BASE), during an intensified training camp (CAMP), during an international competition period (COMP), and post competition recovery (REC) for analysis of cortisol, testosterone, and secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA). Illness symptoms, Daily Analysis of Life Demands of Athletes (DALDA), and training load were also monitored. Training load significantly increased from BASE during CAMP and COMP (p < 0.01), and SIgA secretion was higher during COMP compared to BASE and CAMP (p < 0.01). There was no change in salivary testosterone; however, salivary cortisol was elevated during COMP compared to BASE (93%, p < 0.05). DALDA ‘a scores’ were correlated with salivary cortisol (r = 0.429, p = 0.0001). The study demonstrates that a short period of intensified training and competition did not have a detrimental effect on mucosal immunity in elite synchronised swimmers; however, swimmers displayed higher cortisol levels during the competition and increased stress symptoms.en
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofSports
dc.rightsOpen
dc.subjectmucosal immunity
dc.subjectURTI
dc.subjecttestosterone
dc.subjectcortisol
dc.subjectsynchronised swimming
dc.titleThe Effects of a 4-Week, Intensified Training, and Competition Period on Salivary Hormones, Immunoglobulin A, Illness Symptoms, and Mood State in Elite Synchronised Swimmersen
dc.contributor.institutionAgriculture, Food and Veterinary Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Life and Medical Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Psychology and Sports Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for Research in Psychology and Sport Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionPsychology of Movement
dc.contributor.institutionSport, Health and Exercise
dc.contributor.institutionAdaptive Physiology and Functional Nutrition
dc.contributor.institutionHealth and Wellbeing
dc.contributor.institutionWeight and Obesity Research Group
dc.description.statusPeer reviewed
dc.relation.schoolSchool of Life and Medical Sciences
dc.description.versiontypeFinal Published version
dcterms.dateAccepted2017-09-01
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.versionofrecordhttps://doi.org/10.3390/sports5030064
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
herts.preservation.rarelyaccessedtrue
herts.rights.accesstypeOpen


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