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dc.contributor.authorBlaurock, Julia
dc.contributor.authorKaiser, Birgit
dc.contributor.authorStelzl, Tamara
dc.contributor.authorWeech, Michelle
dc.contributor.authorFallaize, Rosalind
dc.contributor.authorFranco, Rodrigo Zenun
dc.contributor.authorHwang, Faustina
dc.contributor.authorLovegrove, Julie
dc.contributor.authorFinglas, Paul M
dc.contributor.authorGedrich, Kurt
dc.date.accessioned2021-03-26T12:45:02Z
dc.date.available2021-03-26T12:45:02Z
dc.date.issued2021-02-16
dc.identifier.citationBlaurock , J , Kaiser , B , Stelzl , T , Weech , M , Fallaize , R , Franco , R Z , Hwang , F , Lovegrove , J , Finglas , P M & Gedrich , K 2021 , ' Dietary Quality in Vegetarian and Omnivorous Female Students in Germany: A Retrospective Study ' , International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , vol. 18 , no. 4 , 1888 . https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041888
dc.identifier.issn1661-7827
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 24888647
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 1a5a042f-3afb-4100-9ae3-8de0a39856b1
dc.identifier.otherPubMed: 33669236
dc.identifier.otherPubMedCentral: PMC7919835
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85100970251
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2299/24180
dc.description© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
dc.description.abstractVegetarian diets have gained in popularity, especially among highly educated women, and are considered beneficial to health. Comparative studies assessing the diet of vegetarians against omnivores are rather limited and often provide ambivalent results. Therefore, this study examined the nutrient intake and nutritional quality of vegetarian and omnivorous diets in a group of 61 female students in Germany. Habitual dietary intake was evaluated using a validated graphical online food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Differences in nutrient intakes were analyzed by Mann-Whitney-U-Tests. Odds Ratios (OR) were calculated for vegetarians exceeding dietary reference values (DRV) compared to omnivores. The overall nutritional quality was assessed using the Healthy-Eating-Index-2015 (HEI-2015). In omnivores, intakes of total energy from saturated fatty acids (SFA), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-n3-PUFA), cholesterol, sucrose, lactose, retinol, and cobalamin were significantly higher than in vegetarians. Significantly lower intakes were observed for fiber, magnesium, and beta-carotene. Significant OR were detected for total fat (OR = 0.29), SFA (OR = 0.04), beta-carotene (OR = 4.55), and cobalamin (OR = 0.32). HEI-2015 scores were higher for vegetarians than for omnivores (79 points versus 74 points) and significant differences were recorded for the HEI-2015 components dairy, seafood & plant proteins, fatty acids, added sugars, and saturated fatty acids.en
dc.format.extent15
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
dc.subjectFood frequency questionnaire
dc.subjectHealthy eating index
dc.subjectNutrient intake
dc.subjectOmnivores
dc.subjectPersonalized dietary advices
dc.subjectVegetarian
dc.subjectWeb application
dc.subjectPublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
dc.subjectHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
dc.titleDietary Quality in Vegetarian and Omnivorous Female Students in Germany: A Retrospective Studyen
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Life and Medical Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionAgriculture, Food and Veterinary Sciences
dc.description.statusPeer reviewed
dc.identifier.urlhttp://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85100970251&partnerID=8YFLogxK
dc.relation.school
dcterms.dateAccepted2021-02-16
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.versionofrecordhttps://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041888
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
herts.preservation.rarelyaccessedtrue


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