Assessing 3D printing of Poly(ether-ether-ketone) and cellular cHAp to increase biointerfaces as a biomedical material
Oladapo, B. I.
Zahedi, S. A.
Ismail, S. O.
Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) is a polymer with better lignin biocompatibility than other polymers and useful biomedical engineering applications. This research summarises the outcomes of an evaluation conducted on PEEK material composites such as cellular calcium hydroxyapatite (CHAp) for medical applications. PEEK’s prospects for the medical implant are highlighted, and critical analysis and review is presented of 3D printing of PEEK and CHAp and their biological macromolecular behaviours. An electronic search is carried out ofScupos database, Google search and peer-reviewed papers published in the last ten years. Because of the extraordinary strength and biological behaviour of PEEK and its composite CHAp, 3D printed PEEK has several biomedical applications, and it is biological macromolecular behaviour leads to health sustainability. This work highlights its biological macromolecular behaviour as a bone implant material and the optimum 3D printing process for PEEK and CHAp for medical applications. The current problems with printing PEEK and CHAp are investigated along with their possible uses. Possible solutions to improve the 3D printability of PEEK and CHAp are explained based on scientific mechanisms. This detailed report benefits both the scientific community and the medical industry to enhance 3D printing concepts for PEEK and CHAp.