A Robust Document Identification Framework through f-BP Fingerprint
The identification of printed materials is a critical and challenging issue for security purposes, especially when it comes to documents such as banknotes, tickets, or rare collectable cards: eligible targets for ad hoc forgery. State-of-the-art methods require expensive and specific industrial equipment, while a low-cost, fast, and reliable solution for document identification is increasingly needed in many contexts. This paper presents a method to generate a robust fingerprint, by the extraction of translucent patterns from paper sheets, and exploiting the peculiarities of binary pattern descriptors. A final descriptor is generated by employing a block-based solution followed by principal component analysis (PCA), to reduce the overall data to be processed. To validate the robustness of the proposed method, a novel dataset was created and recognition tests were performed under both ideal and noisy conditions.