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dc.contributor.authorBunn, Frances
dc.contributor.authorCollier, T.
dc.contributor.authorFrost, C.
dc.contributor.authorKer, K.
dc.contributor.authorRoberts, I.
dc.contributor.authorWentz, R.
dc.date.accessioned2011-01-20T15:09:01Z
dc.date.available2011-01-20T15:09:01Z
dc.date.issued2003
dc.identifier.citationBunn , F , Collier , T , Frost , C , Ker , K , Roberts , I & Wentz , R 2003 , ' Area-wide traffic calming for preventing traffic related injuries ' , Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews , no. 1 . https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD003110
dc.identifier.issn1469-493X
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 135060
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: de436b7e-6aaa-4748-8efc-e692c63bd6fe
dc.identifier.otherdspace: 2299/5206
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 73449118499
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2299/5206
dc.descriptionOriginal article can be found at: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com Copyright John Wiley & Sons. ‘This review is published as a Cochrane Review in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2003, Issue 1. Cochrane Reviews are regularly updated as new evidence emerges and in response to comments and criticisms, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews should be consulted for the most recent version of the Review.’ Bunn, F. , Collier, T. , Frost, C. , Ker, K. , Roberts, I. and Wentz, R. (2003) 'Area-wide traffic calming for preventing traffic related injuries.' Cochrane Database Systematic Reviews (1) CD003110. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD003110
dc.description.abstractBackground: It is estimated that by 2020 road traffic crashes will have moved from ninth to third in the world disease burden ranking, as measured in disability adjusted life years, and to second in developing countries. Area-wide traffic calming schemes that discourage through traffic on residential roads is one strategy for preventing traffic related injuries. Objectives: To assess the effects of area-wide traffic calming for preventing traffic related crashes, injuries, and deaths. Search strategy: We searched the the Cochrane Injuries Group Specialised Register, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, EMBASE and TRANSPORT. We searched the web sites of road safety organisations, handsearched conference proceedings, checked reference lists of relevant papers and contacted experts in the area. The search was not restricted by language or publication status. The searches were last updated in 2008. Selection criteria: Randomised controlled trials and controlled before-after studies of area-wide traffic calming schemes. Data collection and analysis: Two authors independently extracted data on type of study, characteristics of intervention and control areas, and length of data collection periods. Before and after data were collected on the total number of road traffic crashes, all road user deaths and injuries, pedestrian-motor vehicle collisions and road user deaths. The results of each study were expressed as rate ratios. Main results: We found no randomised controlled trials, but 22 controlled before-and-after studies met our inclusion criteria. Seven studies were conducted in Germany, seven in the UK, two in Australia, two in the Netherlands, two in Denmark, one in Japan, and one in Spain. There were no studies in low or middle income countries. Nine trials reported the number of road traffic crashes resulting in deaths; pooled rate ratio 0.79 (95% CI 0.23 to 2.68). Eighteen studies reported the number of road traffic crashes resulting in injuries (fatal and non-fatal); pooled rate ratio 0.85 (95% CI 0.75 to 0.96). Twelve studies reported the total number of road traffic crashes; pooled rate ratio 0.89 (95% CI 0.76 to 1.05). Fourteen trials reported the number of pedestrian-motor vehicle collisions; pooled rate ratio 1.01 (95% CI 0.88 to 1.16). There was evidence of significant heterogeneity for the total number of crashes and road user injuries outcomes. Authors' conclusions: The results from this review suggest that area-wide traffic calming in towns and cities may be a promising intervention for reducing the number of road traffic injuries and deaths. However, further rigorous evaluations of such interventions are needed.en
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofCochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
dc.rightsOpen
dc.titleArea-wide traffic calming for preventing traffic related injuriesen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Adult Nursing and Primary Care
dc.contributor.institutionHealth & Human Sciences Research Institute
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Health and Social Work
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for Research in Public Health and Community Care
dc.contributor.institutionEvidence Based Practice
dc.contributor.institutionNursing, Midwifery and Social Work
dc.description.statusPeer reviewed
dc.relation.schoolSchool of Health and Social Work
dcterms.dateAccepted2003
rioxxterms.versionofrecordhttps://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD003110
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
herts.preservation.rarelyaccessedtrue
herts.rights.accesstypeOpen


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