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Hypertonic versus near isotonic crystalloid for fluid resuscitation in critically ill patients
Background: Hypertonic solutions are considered to have a greater ability to expand blood volume and thus elevate blood pressure and can be administered as a small volume infusion over a short time period. On the other ...
Nutritional support for head-injured patients
Background: Head injury increases the body's metabolic responses, and therefore nutritional demands. Provision of an adequate supply of nutrients is associated with improved outcome. The best route for administering nutrition ...
Colloids versus crystalloids for fluid resuscitation in critically ill patients
Background: Colloid solutions are widely used in fluid resuscitation of critically ill patients. There are several choices of colloid and there is ongoing debate about the relative effectiveness of colloids compared to ...