Analysis of context-dependent errors for Illumina sequencing
te Boekhorst, Rene
The new generation of short-read sequencing technologies requires reliable measures of data quality. Such measures are especially important for variant calling. However, in the particular case of SNP calling, a great number of false-positive SNPs may be obtained. One needs to distinguish putative SNPs from sequencing or other errors. We found that not only the probability of sequencing errors (i.e. the quality value) is important to distinguish an FP-SNP but also the conditional probability of \correcting" this error (the \second best call" probability, conditional on that of the first call). Surprisingly, around 80% of mismatches can be corrected" with this second call. Another way to reduce the rate of FP-SNPs is to retrieve DNA motifs that seem to be prone to sequencing errors, and to attach a corresponding conditional quality value to these motifs. We have developed several measures to distinguish between sequence errors and candidate SNPs, based on a base call’s nucleotide context and its mismatch type. In addition, we suggested a simple method to correct the majority of mismatches,based on conditional probability of their \second" best intensity call. We attach a corresponding second call confidence (quality value) of being corrected to each mismatch.