Receiver Architectures for MIMO Wireless Communication Systems based on V-BLAST and Sphere Decoding Algorithms
Tade, Foluwaso Olunkunle
Modern day technology aspires to always progress. This progression leads to a lot of research in any significant area of improvement. There is a growing amount of end-users in the wireless spectrum which has led to a need for improved bandwidth usage and BER values. In other words, new technologies which would increase the capacity of wireless systems are proving to be a crucial point of research in these modern times. Different combinations of multiuser receivers are evaluated to determine performance under normal working conditions by comparing their BER performance charts. Multiple input, multiple output (MIMO) systems are incorporated into the system to utilise the increased capacity rates achievable using the MIMO configuration. The effect of MIMO on the technologies associated with modern day technological standards such as CDMA and OFDM have been investigated due to the significant capacity potentials these technologies normally exhibit in a single antenna scenario. An in-depth comparison is established before comparison is made with a conventional maximum likelihood (ML) detector. The complexity of the ML detector makes its realization evaluated in such a manner to achieve the same or near ML solution but with lower computational complexity. This was achieved using a proposed modification of the Schnorr-Euchner Sphere decoding algorithm (SE-SDA). The proposed sphere decoder (P-SD) adopts a modification of the radius utilised in the SE-SDA to obtain a near ML solution at a much lower complexity compared to the conventional ML decoder. The P-SD was configured to work in different MIMO antenna configurations. The need for the highest possible data rates from the available limited spectrum led to my research into the multi-user detection scenario and MIMO.