Citation: Dautenhahn , K , Woods , S , Kaouri , C , Walters , M L , Koay , K L & Werry , I 2005 , What is a robot companion - friend, assistant or butler? in Procs IEEE/RSJ Int Conf on Intelligent Robots & Systems 2005 : IROS'05 . pp. 1488-1493 , IEEE/RSJ Int Conf on Intelligent Robots & Systems 2005 , Edmonton , Canada , 2-6 August . conference
The study presented in this paper explored people's perceptions and attitudes towards the idea of a future robot companion for the home. A human-centred approach was adopted using questionnaires and human-robot interaction trials to derive data from 28 adults. Results indicated that a large proportion of participants were in favour of a robot companion and saw the potential role as being an assistant, machine or servant. Few wanted a robot companion to be a friend. Household tasks were preferred to child/animal care tasks. Humanlike communication was desirable for a robot companion, whereas humanlike behaviour and appearance were less essential. Results are discussed in relation to future research directions for the development of robot companions.