Comparisons of isolates of Fusarium avenaceum from white lupin and other crops by pathogenicity tests, DNA analyses and vegetative compatibility tests
Bateman, Geoffrey L.
Isolates of Fusarium avenaceum, mostly from crops of white lupin or wheat, were tested for pathogenicity on white lupin and wheat plants and compared by DNA tests and, in a limited study, vegetative compatibility. Most of the 80 isolates were pathogenic on both plant species after inoculation on shoot bases. Disease severity was greater at higher incubation temperatures that ranged from 15/10 degrees C to 25/20 degrees C (day/night temperatures). Isolates from lupin crops tended to be more pathogenic, on average, on lupins than on cereals. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis of the internal transcribed spacer region of the rDNA distinguished two groups of isolates that occurred in different proportions among isolates from lupins and cereal crops. Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD)-PCR analyses indicated considerable genetic variation among isolates, but there was some similarity among groups of isolates from populations in the same field. Genetic diversity was confirmed by a high degree of vegetative incompatibility among 20 isolates using nitrate nonutilizing mutants. There were no relationships among pathogenicity, RFLP group, RAPD group and vegetative compatibility group.