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dc.contributor.authorThielemann, Friedrich-Karl
dc.contributor.authorMocelj, D.
dc.contributor.authorPanov, I.
dc.contributor.authorKolbe, E.
dc.contributor.authorRauscher, T.
dc.contributor.authorKratz, K.L.
dc.contributor.authorFarouqi, K.
dc.contributor.authorPfeiffer, B.
dc.contributor.authorMartinez-Pinedo, Gabriel
dc.contributor.authorKelic, A.
dc.contributor.authorLanganke, K.
dc.contributor.authorSchmidt, K. -H.
dc.contributor.authorZinner, N.
dc.date.accessioned2013-06-20T11:00:49Z
dc.date.available2013-06-20T11:00:49Z
dc.date.issued2007-05
dc.identifier.citationThielemann , F-K , Mocelj , D , Panov , I , Kolbe , E , Rauscher , T , Kratz , K L , Farouqi , K , Pfeiffer , B , Martinez-Pinedo , G , Kelic , A , Langanke , K , Schmidt , K -H & Zinner , N 2007 , ' The r-process : Supernovae and other sources of the heaviest elements ' International Journal of Modern Physics E - Nuclear Physics , vol. 16 , no. 4 , pp. 1149-1163 . https://doi.org/10.1142/S0218301307006587
dc.identifier.issn0218-3013
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 1624201
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 6498107f-5ae5-4610-9397-878aa47f3cfd
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000251312800019
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 34250199375
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2299/10893
dc.description.abstractRapid neutron capture in stellar explosions is responsible for the heaviest elements in nature, up to Th, U and beyond. This nucleosynthesis process, the r-process, is unique in the sense that a combination of nuclear physics far from stability (masses, half-lives, neutron-capture and photodisintegration, neutron-induced and beta-delayed fission and last but not least neutrino-nucleus interactions) is intimately linked to ejecta from astrophysical explosions (core collapse supernovae or other neutron star related events). The astrophysics and nuclear physics involved still harbor many uncertainties, either in the extrapolation of nuclear properties far beyond present experimental explorations or in the modeling of multidimensional, general relativistic (neutrino-radiation) hydrodynamics with rotation and possibly required magnetic fields. Observational clues about the working of the r-process are mostly obtained from solar abundances and from the abundance evolution of the heaviest elements as a function of galactic age, as witnessed in old extremely metal-poor stars. They contain information whether the r-process is identical for all stellar events, how abundance features develop with galactic time and whether the frequency of r-process events is comparable to that of average core collapse supernovae-producing oxygen through titanium, as well as iron-group nuclei. The theoretical modeling of the r-process has advanced from simple approaches, where the use of static neutron densities and temperatures can aid to test the influence of nuclear properties far from stability on abundance features, to more realistic expansions with a given entropy, global neutron/proton ratio and expansion time scales, as expected from explosive astrophysical events. The direct modeling in astrophysical events such as supernovae still faces the problem whether the required conditions can be met.en
dc.format.extent15
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Modern Physics E - Nuclear Physics
dc.subjectSTATISTICAL-MODEL CALCULATIONS
dc.subjectCAPTURE
dc.subjectPROCESS NUCLEOSYNTHESIS
dc.subjectEARLY GALAXY
dc.subjectMETAL-POOR STARS
dc.subjectCROSS-SECTIONS
dc.subjectASTROPHYSICAL REACTION-RATES
dc.subjectNEUTRINO-DRIVEN WINDS
dc.subjectCORE-COLLAPSE SUPERNOVAE
dc.subjectABUNDANCES
dc.titleThe r-process : Supernovae and other sources of the heaviest elementsen
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Physics, Astronomy and Mathematics
dc.contributor.institutionScience & Technology Research Institute
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for Astrophysics Research
dc.description.statusPeer reviewed
dc.relation.schoolSchool of Physics, Astronomy and Mathematics
rioxxterms.versionofrecordhttps://doi.org/10.1142/S0218301307006587
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
herts.preservation.rarelyaccessedtrue
herts.rights.accesstyperestrictedAccess


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