Strategies for control of eyespot (Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides) in UK winter wheat and winter barley
Fitt, Bruce D.L.
This review considers strategies for control of eyespot (Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides) in winter wheat and winter barley in the UK. Varietal resistance to eyespot may take the form of direct resistance to the growth of the pathogen in the stem base or of indirect tolerance to eyespot through resistance to lodging. The French variety Cappelle-Desprez has been a source of resistance for most UK wheat varieties and a new source of resistance in wild goat grass has been discovered recently. Use of fungicides for control of eyespot increased rapidly after the introduction of the highly effective MBC fungicides in the 1970s, but has decreased recently because UK populations of P. herpotrichoides are now predominantly resistant to MBC fungicides and alternative fungicides are more expensive. Historically, cultural methods, especially crop rotation, have been important in the control of eyespot. The importance of cultural control of eyespot is now increasing because more non-cereal break crops are being grown and fungicide use is declining.