Effects of leaf age, inoculum dose and freezing on development of chocolate spot (Botrytis fabae) lesions on field bean (Vicia faba) leaves
Fitt, Bruce D.L.
Botrytis fabae spore suspensions containing c. 1, 10, 102, 103, 104, 105, or 106 spores/ml were used to inoculate 5, 17 or 30-day-old field bean leaves. The percentages of the leaf areas covered by, chocolate spot lesions and the percentages of the leaf areas bearing conidiophores were assessed 1, 6, 12, 14, and 19 days after inoculation. The percentage of the area covered by lesions and the percentage of the area bearing conidiophores (logit-transformed) increased linearly with increasing spore concentration (log10-transformed). The proportions of leaf areas covered by lesions and bearing conidiophores were both greater on 17 and 30-day-old leaves than on 5-day-old leaves. The rate of lesion growth increased with both increasing inoculum dose and increasing leaf age. Generally there was no interaction between the effects of leaf age and the effects of inoculum dose on either lesion growth or sporulation. Two days after inoculation with suspensions of either 104 or 106 spores/ml, 7-day-old leaves grown at 15°C were transferred to –16°C or 2.5°C or kept at 15°C for 4 days. Two days later more spores had been produced on leaves which had been frozen (–16°C) than on, leaves kept at 2.5°C.