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dc.contributor.authorAnsmann, Albert
dc.contributor.authorPetzold, Andreas
dc.contributor.authorKandler, Konrad
dc.contributor.authorTegen, Ina
dc.contributor.authorWendisch, Manfred
dc.contributor.authorMueller, D.
dc.contributor.authorWeinzierl, Bernadett
dc.contributor.authorMueller, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorHeintzenberg, Jost
dc.date.accessioned2013-08-01T08:33:10Z
dc.date.available2013-08-01T08:33:10Z
dc.date.issued2011-09
dc.identifier.citationAnsmann , A , Petzold , A , Kandler , K , Tegen , I , Wendisch , M , Mueller , D , Weinzierl , B , Mueller , T & Heintzenberg , J 2011 , ' Saharan Mineral Dust Experiments SAMUM-1 and SAMUM-2 : what have we learned? ' , Tellus Series B-Chemical and Physical Meteorology , vol. 63 , no. 4 , pp. 403-429 . https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0889.2011.00555.x
dc.identifier.issn0280-6509
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 1978627
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: eb8a7590-0cbb-4148-a55a-fcd9eb84f0d1
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000294216700001
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 80051990587
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2299/11248
dc.descriptionPublished under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported License
dc.description.abstractTwo comprehensive field campaigns were conducted in 2006 and 2008 in the framework of the Saharan Mineral Dust Experiment (SAMUM) project. The relationship between chemical composition, shape morphology, size distribution and optical effects of the dust particles was investigated. The impact of Saharan dust on radiative transfer and the feedback of radiative effects upon dust emission and aerosol transport were studied. Field observations (ground-based, airborne and remote sensing) and modelling results were compared within a variety of dust closure experiments with a strong focus on vertical profiling. For the first time, multiwavelength Raman/polarization lidars and an airborne high spectral resolution lidar were involved in major dust field campaigns and provided profiles of the volume extinction coefficient of the particles at ambient conditions (for the full dust size distribution), of particle-shape-sensitive optical properties at several wavelengths, and a clear separation of dust and smoke profiles allowing for an estimation of the single-scattering albedo of the biomass-burning aerosol. SAMUM-1 took place in southern Morocco close to the Saharan desert in the summer of 2006, whereas SAMUM-2 was conducted in Cape Verde in the outflow region of desert dust and biomass-burning smoke from western Africa in the winter of 2008. This paper gives an overview of the SAMUM concept, strategy and goals, provides snapshots (highlights) of SAMUM-2 observations and modelling efforts, summarizes main findings of SAMUM-1 and SAMUM-2 and finally presents a list of remaining problems and unsolved questions.en
dc.format.extent27
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofTellus Series B-Chemical and Physical Meteorology
dc.rightsOpen
dc.subjectAEROSOL CHARACTERIZATION
dc.subjectREFRACTIVE-INDEX
dc.subjectATMOSPHERIC TRANSPORT
dc.subjectSIZE DISTRIBUTION
dc.subjectOPTICAL-PROPERTIES
dc.subjectSPECTRAL-RESOLUTION LIDAR
dc.subjectSOUTHERN MOROCCO
dc.subjectDESERT DUST
dc.subjectAFRICAN DUST
dc.subjectEXPERIMENT PRIDE
dc.titleSaharan Mineral Dust Experiments SAMUM-1 and SAMUM-2 : what have we learned?en
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Physics, Astronomy and Mathematics
dc.contributor.institutionScience & Technology Research Institute
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for Atmospheric and Climate Physics Research
dc.description.statusPeer reviewed
dc.relation.schoolSchool of Physics, Astronomy and Mathematics
dc.description.versiontypeFinal Published version
dcterms.dateAccepted2011-09
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.versionofrecordhttps://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0889.2011.00555.x
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
herts.preservation.rarelyaccessedtrue
herts.rights.accesstypeOpen


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