Mutation analysis of cis-elements in the 3'- and 5'-untranslated regions of satellite tobacco necrosis virus strain C RNA
Coutts, Robert H.A.
The putative, 3'-terminal stem-loop structure in satellite tobacco necrosis virus strain C (STNV-C) RNA constitutes an essential cis-acting structure for the promotion of negative-strand RNA synthesis and a single- stranded tail is also important. The putative, 5'-terminal stem-loop structure in STNV-C RNA is not essential for productive, plus-strand RNA accumulation but is required for optimal accumulation. Residues 2 and 3 are the minimal cis-acting sequences required for RNA synthesis. The RNA of chimeric mutants, which exchanged 3'- and 5'-untranslated regions between STNV-C and helper tobacco necrosis virus strain D RNAs, accumulated in protoplasts, implying similar replication mechanisms for both RNAs.