Molecular characterisation of two novel double-stranded RNA elements from Phlebiopsis gigantea
Hacker, Caroline V.
Brasier, Clive M.
Buck, Kenneth W.
Coutts, Robert H.A.
The incomplete sequences of two large, 10-12 kbp, double-stranded RNAs (dsRNAs) found in the TW-2 isolate of the saprophytic fungus, Phlebiopsis gigantea (Pg) are reported. Both PgV-TW2 dsRNA1 and dsRNA2 potentially encode fusion proteins which are apparently expressed by a translational frameshifting mechanism. The C-terminal region of both predicted proteins was 21% identical and contained the eight motifs conserved in RNA-dependent RNA polymerases of dsRNA mycoviruses and had highest similarity with members of the family Totiviridae, but possibly do not form virions. The remainder of the N-terminal protein sequences predicted from the PgV-TW2 dsRNA1 and dsRNA2 sequences and the 3'-terminal nucleotide sequences of both dsRNAs had no homology with one another or any sequence in the database suggesting that individually both may be members of novel families of mycoviruses.