Pseudorecombination and complementation between potato yellow mosaic geminivirus and tomato golden mosaic geminivirus
Coutts, Robert H.A.
Pseudorecombinants made by exchanging the cloned, infectious genome components (DNAs A and B) of potato yellow mosaic geminivirus (PYMV) and the common strain (cs) of tomato golden mosaic geminivirus (csTGMV) are not infectious in their common host Nicotiana benthamiana. In an N. benthamiana leaf disc assay neither PYMV DNA A nor TGMV DNA A trans-replicated each other's DNA B component. The ability of TGMV to mediate the systemic movement of each other's DNA A was investigated following co-inoculation of N. benthamiana with both genome components of one virus (the helper virus) and DNA A of the other virus (the dependent virus). Movement of the dependent virus DNA A in both cases illustrates interchangeability between the DNA B-encoded movement proteins of New World geminiviruses which infect solanaceous hosts. We have studied this genetic interchangeability further in separate co-agroinoculation experiments with N. benthamiana plants using TGMV DNA A to complement mutations in PYMV open reading frame (ORF) AC2, which encodes a protein that trans-activates the expression of virion sense promoters, and in PYMV ORF AC3, which specfies a protein that enhances viral DNA replication. TGMV DNA A complemented a PYMV AC2 mutant and restored its infectivity and it also complemented a PYMV AC3 mutant and restored the reduced DNA phenotype.