Neuro-Fuzzy Control for MPEG Video Transmission Over Bluetooth
The application of a neuro-fuzzy (NF) controller to moving picture expert group (MPEG-2) video transmission over a Bluetooth asynchronous connectionless (ACL) is presented in this paper. MPEG variable bit rate (VBR) data sources experience unpredictability, long delay, and excessive loss, due to sudden variations in bit rate. Therefore, it is practically impossible to transmit MPEG-2 VBR video sources over a Bluetooth channel with a limited transmission speed and considerable wireless interferences without loss of data or image quality degradation. In this work, a traffic-shaping buffer is introduced before the host controller interface (HCI) of the Bluetooth protocol stack to obstruct excessive MPEG VBR data sources during the peak transmission periods. An integrated neuro-fuzzy controller monitors and reduces the burstiness of the traffic-shaper output rate to facilitate the MPEG VBR video sources to conform to the token-bucket contract before entering the Bluetooth channel. A conventional rule-based-fuzzy (RBF) controller oversees the arrival rate to the traffic-shaper to avoid saturation or starvation of the buffer. The computer simulation results demonstrate that applications of the NF and RBF schemes reduce excessive delay and data loss at the HCI as compared with conventional video transmission in Bluetooth ACL links.