Comparing Different Prenexing Strategies for Quantified Boolean Formulas
The majority of the currently available solvers for quantified Boolean formulas (QBFs) process input formulas only in prenex conjunctive normal form. However, the natural representation of practicably relevant problems in terms of QBFs usually results in formulas which are not in a specific normal form. Hence, in order to evaluate such QBFs with available solvers, suitable normal-form translations are required. In this paper, we report experimental results comparing different prenexing strategies on a class of structured benchmark problems. The problems under consideration encode the evaluation of nested counterfactuals over a prepositional knowledge base, and span the entire polynomial hierarchy. The results show that different prenexing strategies influence the evaluation time in different ways across different solvers. In particular, some solvers are robust to the chosen strategies while others are not.