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dc.contributor.authorPrice, Mike J.
dc.contributor.authorBottoms, Lindsay
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Paul M.
dc.contributor.authorNicholettos, Andrew
dc.identifier.citationPrice , M J , Bottoms , L , Smith , P M & Nicholettos , A 2011 , ' The effects of an increasing versus constant crank rate on peak physiological responses during incremental arm crank ergometry ' , Journal of Sports Sciences , vol. 29 , no. 3 , pp. 263-269 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 8757338
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 6e3b35fa-b8aa-4be0-915c-76d613956ee9
dc.identifier.otherPubMed: 21154011
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 78751545964
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-4632-3764/work/92337171
dc.description.abstractWe examined the effects of concomitant increases in crank rate and power output on incremental arm crank ergometry. Ten healthy males undertook three incremental upper body exercise tests to volitional exhaustion. The first test determined peak minute power. The subsequent tests involved arm cranking at an initial workload of 40% peak minute power with further increases of 10% peak minute power every 2 min. One involved a constant crank rate of 70 rev · min(-1), the other an initial crank rate of 50 rev · min(-1) increasing by 10 rev · min(-1) every 2 min. Fingertip capillary blood samples were analysed for blood lactate at rest and exhaustion. Local (working muscles) and cardiorespiratory ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) were recorded at the end of each exercise stage. Heart rate and expired gas were monitored continuously. No differences were observed in peak physiological responses or peak minute power achieved during either protocol. Blood lactate concentration tended to be greater for the constant crank rate protocol (P = 0.06). Test duration was shorter for the increasing than for the constant crank rate protocol. The relationship between local RPE and heart rate differed between tests. The results of this study show that increasing cadence during incremental arm crank ergometry provides a valid assessment of peak responses over a shorter duration but alters the heart rate-local RPE relationship.en
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Sports Sciences
dc.subjectEnergy Metabolism
dc.subjectExercise Test
dc.subjectHeart Rate
dc.subjectLactic Acid
dc.subjectPhysical Endurance
dc.subjectPhysical Exertion
dc.subjectYoung Adult
dc.titleThe effects of an increasing versus constant crank rate on peak physiological responses during incremental arm crank ergometryen
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Life and Medical Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionHealth & Human Sciences Research Institute
dc.contributor.institutionSport, Health and Exercise
dc.contributor.institutionAdaptive Physiology and Functional Nutrition
dc.contributor.institutionHealth and Wellbeing
dc.contributor.institutionWeight and Obesity Research Group
dc.description.statusPeer reviewed
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review

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