Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorFraaije, B. A.
dc.contributor.authorChandramohan, P.
dc.contributor.authorShaw, M. W.
dc.contributor.authorFitt, Bruce D.L.
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-03T10:33:00Z
dc.date.available2016-03-03T10:33:00Z
dc.date.issued2011-02
dc.identifier.citationFraaije , B A , Chandramohan , P , Shaw , M W & Fitt , B D L 2011 , ' Impacts of changing air composition on severity of arable crop disease epidemics ' , Plant Pathology , vol. 60 , no. 1 , pp. 44-53 . https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3059.2010.02413.x
dc.identifier.issn0032-0862
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 398736
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: e2113543-04fb-427c-b08c-39f6cf873e03
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000286114700005
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 78651271352
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2299/16620
dc.description.abstractThis review assesses the impacts, both direct and indirect, of man-made changes to the composition of the air over a 200 year period on the severity of arable crop disease epidemics. The review focuses on two well-studied UK arable crops, wheat and oilseed rape, relating these examples to worldwide food security. In wheat, impacts of changes in concentrations of SO2 in air on two septoria diseases are discussed using data obtained from historical crop samples and unpublished experimental work. Changes in SO2 seem to alter septoria disease spectra both through direct effects on infection processes and through indirect effects on soil S status. Work on the oilseed rape diseases phoma stem canker and light leaf spot illustrates indirect impacts of increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases, mediated through climate change. It is projected that, by the 2050s, if diseases are not controlled, climate change will increase yields in Scotland but halve yields in southern England. These projections are discussed in relation to strategies for adaptation to environmental change. Since many strategies take 10-15 years to implement, it is important to take appropriate decisions soon. Furthermore, it is essential to make appropriate investment in collation of long-term data, modelling and experimental work to guide such decision-making by industry and government, as a contribution to worldwide food security.en
dc.format.extent10
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofPlant Pathology
dc.rightsOpen
dc.subjectclimate change
dc.subjectcrop growth models
dc.subjectfood security
dc.subjectgaseous pollutants
dc.subjectglobal warming
dc.subjectweather-based crop disease forecasts
dc.subjectWINTER OILSEED RAPE
dc.subjectPHOMA STEM CANKER
dc.subjectLIGHT LEAF-SPOT
dc.subjectGLOBAL FOOD SECURITY
dc.subjectCLIMATE-CHANGE
dc.subjectBRASSICA-NAPUS
dc.subjectLEPTOSPHAERIA-MACULANS
dc.subjectPLANT-DISEASE
dc.subjectPYRENOPEZIZA-BRASSICAE
dc.subjectSTAGONOSPORA-NODORUM
dc.titleImpacts of changing air composition on severity of arable crop disease epidemicsen
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Life and Medical Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Human and Environmental Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionHealth & Human Sciences Research Institute
dc.contributor.institutionAgriculture, Veterinary and Food Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionGeography, Environment and Agriculture
dc.contributor.institutionCrop and Environmental Protection
dc.contributor.institutionAgriculture
dc.contributor.institutionWeight and Obesity Research Group
dc.description.statusPeer reviewed
dc.relation.schoolSchool of Life and Medical Sciences
dc.description.versiontypeFinal Accepted Version
dcterms.dateAccepted2011-02
rioxxterms.versionAM
rioxxterms.versionofrecordhttps://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3059.2010.02413.x
rioxxterms.typeOther
herts.preservation.rarelyaccessedtrue
herts.rights.accesstypeOpen


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record