Aerodynamic Analysis of a Novel Wind Turbine for an Omni-flow Wind Energy System
The purpose of this research is to propose a novel wind turbine for an omni-flow wind energy system and investigate its aerodynamic performance. The geometry of the novel wind turbine is based upon the impulse turbine technology which has been successful in wave energy. In this study, both numerical and experimental studies were conducted to evaluate the aerodynamic features of this wind turbine. The numerical method was validated by a comparison between numerical and experimental results over a range of tip speed ratios. Results obtained from experiments and simulations indicate that the proposed wind turbine can be employed. Additionally, on the basis of the analyses performed, this new wind turbine has the potential for having a good startup feature, which means that this wind turbine can be suitable for applications in an urban environment. As an important component, the stator of this wind turbine can increase the passing flow velocity by 20%. Meanwhile, the passing flow direction also can be optimised by the stator. Aerodynamics of the wind turbine was analysed under the non-uniform flow condition, because the flow is non-uniform inside the omni-flow wind energy system. It was found that the maximum power coefficient of such a turbine under the non-uniform flow condition is lower than that under the uniform flow condition. Due to the non-uniform flow, the blades experience different flow velocities, and as a consequence, undergo different aerodynamic loads during one operation cycle. Thus the generated torque and thrust on a blade are subjected to frequent and periodical changes. Influences of the geometrical parameters on the aerodynamic characteristics of this wind turbine were investigated. From the initial study, it was found that changes of hub-to-tip ratios, numbers of blades, aerofoils and numbers of guide vanes, can significantly affect the II power performance. Additionally, the wind turbine obtained high values of maximum torque coefficients with changing geometrical parameters.