Navigation and Geolocation Within Urban and Semi-Urban Environments Using Low-Rate Wireless Personal Area Networks
IEEE 802.15.4 defines networks and hardware capable of low power, low data rate transmissions. The use of these networks for the “Internet of Things”, machine to machine communications, energy metering, control and automation etc is increasing. In an urban environment, these networks may well soon become so popular and widespread in their usage that their discoverability and coverage density is sufficient for aiding geolocation – in the same way that IEEE 802.11 WiFi networks are used today. This research shows that although possible, there are some current inherent weaknesses in the use of IEEE 802.15.4 networks for location purposes particularly with respect to multilateration.