Coupled Cooling Method and Application of Latent Heat Thermal Energy Storage Combined with Pre-cooling of Envelope: Sensitivity Analysis and Optimization
Cooling system for mine refuge chamber provides comfortable environment for miners to avoid heat damage. The existing cooling systems have their own application scopes and limitations. The coupled cooling method of Latent Heat Thermal Energy Storage (LHTES) combined with Pre-cooling of Envelope (PE) is a new free cooling method which is suitable for high-temperature, passive, impact and other harsh environment. Then, to improve the thermal comfort and reduce energy consumption, the effect of the pre-cooling temperature, melting temperature of PCM, aspect ratio and amounts of PCM unit on the indoor temperature are investigated in a systematic manner. Furthermore, the system is optimized and the generalized results for the evaluation parameter are given. Analysis of the results may lead to following main conclusions: (i) the method really controls the indoor temperature and the saving amount of PCM is more than 50% compared to the traditional LHTES systems; (ii) the Temperature Control(TC) performance of PCM would drop significantly if it melts more than 80%; (iii) under current operating conditions, the optimal melting temperature is about 29 °C and the aspect ratio of PCM unit is 60:500; (iv) per 1 °C the pre-cooling temperature dropped, 19% the actual amount of PCM decreased for the case studied.