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dc.contributor.authorRust, M. K.
dc.contributor.authorVetter, R
dc.contributor.authorDenholm, Ian
dc.contributor.authorBlagburn, B
dc.contributor.authorWilliamson, Martin S.
dc.contributor.authorKopp, S.
dc.contributor.authorColeman, G.
dc.contributor.authorHostetler, J
dc.contributor.authorDavis, W
dc.contributor.authorMencke, N.
dc.contributor.authorRees, R
dc.contributor.authorFoit, S
dc.contributor.authorTetzner, K
dc.date.accessioned2017-09-13T15:58:21Z
dc.date.available2017-09-13T15:58:21Z
dc.date.issued2014-05-01
dc.identifier.citationRust , M K , Vetter , R , Denholm , I , Blagburn , B , Williamson , M S , Kopp , S , Coleman , G , Hostetler , J , Davis , W , Mencke , N , Rees , R , Foit , S & Tetzner , K 2014 , ' Susceptibility of cat fleas (siphonaptera: Puclicidae) to fipronil and imidacloprid using adult and larval bioassays ' , Journal of Medical Entomology , vol. 51 , no. 3 , pp. 638-643 . https://doi.org/10.1603/ME13240
dc.identifier.issn1938-2928
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 10517750
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 4ace4d9f-4301-4c49-ac1a-d1db76d09d90
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 84899862758
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-9797-874X/work/62750609
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2299/19382
dc.description© 2014 Entomological Society of America This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/), which permits non-commercial reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. For commercial re-use, please contact journals.permissions@oup.com
dc.description.abstractThe monitoring of the susceptibility offleas to insecticides has typically been conducted by exposing adults on treated surfaces. Other methods such as topical applications of insecticides to adults and larval bioassays on treated rearing media have been developed. Unfortunately, baseline responses of susceptible strains of cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis (Bouchè), except for imidacloprid, have not been determined for all on-animal therapies and new classes of chemistry now being used. However, the relationship between adult and larval bioassays of fleas has not been previously investigated. The adult and larval bioassays of fipronil and imidacloprid were compared for both field-collected isolates and laboratory strains. Adult topical bioassays of fipronil and imidacloprid to laboratory strains and field-collected isolates demonstrated that LD50s of fipronil and imidacloprid ranged from 0.11 to 0.40 nanograms per flea and 0.02 to 0.18 nanograms per flea, respectively. Resistance ratios for fipronil and imidacloprid ranged from 0.11 to 2.21. Based on the larval bioassay published for imidacloprid, a larval bioassay was established for fipronil and reported in this article. The ranges of the LC50s of fipronil and imidacloprid in the larval rearing media were 0.07-0.16 and 0.11-0.21 ppm, respectively. Resistance ratios for adult and larval bioassays ranged from 0.11 to 2.2 and 0.58 to 1.75, respectively. Both adult and larval bioassays provided similar patterns for fipronil and imidacloprid. Although the adult bioassays permitted a more precise dosage applied, the larval bioassays allowed for testing isolates without the need to maintain on synthetic or natural hosts.en
dc.format.extent6
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Medical Entomology
dc.rightsOpen
dc.subjectAgricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
dc.titleSusceptibility of cat fleas (siphonaptera: Puclicidae) to fipronil and imidacloprid using adult and larval bioassaysen
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Life and Medical Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Biological and Environmental Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionAgriculture, Food and Veterinary Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionGeography, Environment and Agriculture
dc.contributor.institutionCrop Protection and Climate Change
dc.contributor.institutionEcology
dc.description.statusPeer reviewed
dc.relation.schoolSchool of Life and Medical Sciences
dc.description.versiontypeFinal Published version
dcterms.dateAccepted2014-05-01
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.versionofrecordhttps://doi.org/10.1603/ME13240
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
herts.preservation.rarelyaccessedtrue
herts.rights.accesstypeOpen


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