The Anglo-Australian Planet Search XXV : A Candidate Massive Saturn Analog Orbiting HD 30177
Wittenmyer, Robert A.
Mengel, M. W.
Butler, R. P.
Tinney, C. G.
Carter, B. D.
Jones, H. R. A.
O'Toole, Simon J.
We report the discovery of a second long-period giant planet orbiting HD 30177, a star previously known to host a massive Jupiter analog (HD 30177b: a=3.8$\pm$0.1 au, m sin $i=9.7\pm$0.5 Mjup). HD 30177c can be regarded as a massive Saturn analog in this system, with a=9.9$\pm$1.0 au and m sin $i=7.6\pm$3.1 Mjup. The formal best fit solution slightly favours a closer-in planet at $a\sim$7 au, but detailed n-body dynamical simulations show that configuration to be unstable. A shallow local minimum of longer-period, lower-eccentricity solutions was found to be dynamically stable, and hence we adopt the longer period in this work. The proposed $\sim$32 year orbit remains incomplete; further monitoring of this and other stars is necessary to reveal the population of distant gas giant planets with orbital separations $a\sim$10 au, analogous to that of Saturn.
Published inAstronomical Journal
RelationsSchool of Physics, Astronomy and Mathematics
Hertfordshire Business School