A Radio Continuum Study of Dwarf Galaxies : 6 cm imaging of Little Things
In this paper, we examine to what extent the radio continuum can be used as an extinction-free probe of star formation in dwarf galaxies. To that aim, we observe 40 nearby dwarf galaxies with the Very Large Array at 6 cm (4-8 GHz) in C-configuration. We obtained images with 3″-8″ resolution and noise levels of 3-15 μJy beam -1. We detected emission associated with 22 of the 40 dwarf galaxies, eight of which are new detections. The general picture is that of an interstellar medium largely devoid of radio continuum emission, interspersed by isolated pockets of emission associated with star formation. We find an average thermal fraction of ∼50%-70% and an average magnetic field strength of ∼5-8 μG, only slightly lower than that found in larger, spiral galaxies. At 100 pc scales, we find surprisingly high values for the average magnetic field strength of up to 50 μG. We find that dwarf galaxies follow the theoretical predictions of the radio continuum-star formation rate relation within regions of significant radio continuum emission but that the nonthermal radio continuum is suppressed relative to the star formation rate when considering the entire optical disk. We examine the far-infrared-star formation rate relation for our sample and find that the far-infrared is suppressed compared to the expected star formation rate. We discuss explanations for these observed relations and the impact of our findings on the radio continuum-far-infrared relation. We conclude that radio continuum emission at centimeter wavelengths has the promise of being a largely extinction-free star formation rate indicator. We find that star formation rates of gas-rich, low-mass galaxies can be estimated with an uncertainty of ± 0.2 dex between the values of 2 × 10 -4 and 0.1 M o yr -1.
Published inAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
MetadataShow full item record
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
The H alpha galaxy survey. I. The galaxy sample, H alpha narrow-band observations and star formation parameters for 334 galaxies James, P.A.; Shane, N.S.; Beckman, J.E.; Cardwell, A.; Collins, C.A.; Etherton, J.; de Jong, R.S.; Fathi, K.; Knapen, J.; Peletier, R.F.; Percival, S.M.; Pollacco, D.L.; Seigar, M.S.; Stedman, S. (2004)We discuss the selection and observations of a large sample of nearby galaxies, which we are using to quantify the star formation activity in the local Universe. The sample consists of 334 galaxies across all Hubble types ...
On the Key Processes that Drive Galaxy Evolution: the Role of Galaxy Mergers, Accretion, Local Environment and Feedback in Shaping the Present-Day Universe Martin, Garreth (2019-07-17)The study of galaxy evolution is a fundamental discipline in modern astrophysics, dealing with how and why galaxies of all types evolve over time. The diversity of present-day galaxies is a reflection of the processes ...
X-ray constraints on galaxy-gas-jet interactions in the Dumbbell Galaxies NGC4782 and NGC4783 in the LGG316 group Machacek, M.E.; Kraft, R.P.; Jones, C.; Forman, W.R.; Hardcastle, M.J. (2007)