The optimal use of tris-2-ethylhexylamine to recover hydrochloric acid and metals from leach solutions and comparison with other extractants
Cheng, Chu Yong
This paper describes the use of TEHA for HCl recovery from a leach solution generated by a hydrometallurgical plant. Four organic extractants were tested including TEHA, Alamine 336, Cyanex 923 and TBP. TEHA organic system performed best in terms of acid extraction, stripping and scrubbing efficiency. The successive extraction shows that more than 99% HCl was extracted after three stages of extraction. Scrubbing tests with different A/O ratios at different temperatures were conducted to identify the optimal conditions to separate HCl, Mn and Fe. After scrubbing the loaded organic solution at an A/O ratio of 1:4 and 22 °C, 94–100% of entrained metals were removed in a single contact with only 5.2% acid lost in the loaded scrub liquor. It was found that the phase disengagement time was in the range of 2– 4 min for both extraction and stripping, indicating reasonable fast phase separation. Based on these results from batch tests, it can be expected that after optimisation in a counter current circuit consisting of extraction, scrubbing, selective and bulk stripping, nearly all metals and HCl would be recovered and recycled.