Unsupervised Support Vector Machines for Nonlinear Blind Equalization in CO-OFDM
Barry, L. P.
A novel blind nonlinear equalization (BNLE) technique based on the iterative re-weighted least square is experimentally demonstrated for single- and multi-channel coherent optical orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing. The adopted BNLE combines, for the first time, a support vector machine-learning cost function with the classical Sato or Godard error functions and maximum likelihood recursive least-squares. At optimum launched optical power, BNLE reduces the fiber nonlinearity penalty by ~1 (16-QAM single-channel at 2000 km) and ~1.7 dB (QPSK multi-channel at 3200 km) compared to a Volterra-based NLE. The proposed BNLE is more effective for multi-channel configuration: 1) it outperforms the “gold-standard” digital-back propagation and 2) for a high number of subcarriers the performance is better due to its capability of tackling inter-subcarrier four-wave mixing.