Learning a musical instrument can benefit a child with special educational needs
Rose, Dawn C.
Jones Bartoli, Alice
This study explores outcomes related to musical learning in a child with complex special educational needs. CB is a boy who was 8 years old at the start of the study and was diagnosed with comorbid autism spectrum disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, sensory processing difficulties, dyslexia, and dyspraxia during the study. He was evaluated on a battery of developmental measures before and after 1 year of music learning. At pretesting, CB obtained a high musical aptitude score and an average IQ score. However, his scores on tests measuring motor abilities, executive function, and social-emotional skills were low. Posttesting revealed improvements in CB’s fluid intelligence and motor skills, and although teacher and parent reports suggested a decline in his social-emotional functioning, his musical progress was good. The results are discussed in the context of impairments in developmental disorders, the importance of flexible teaching approaches, and family support for music learning during childhood. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)