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dc.contributor.authorAl Disi, Mohammed
dc.contributor.authorAlsalemi, Abdullah
dc.contributor.authorBensaali, Faycal
dc.contributor.authorAmira, Abbess
dc.contributor.authorAlinier, Guillaume
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-11T00:12:05Z
dc.date.available2018-09-11T00:12:05Z
dc.date.issued2018-09-07
dc.identifier.citationAl Disi , M , Alsalemi , A , Bensaali , F , Amira , A & Alinier , G 2018 , ' Using thermochromism to simulate blood oxygenation in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation ' , Perfusion , pp. 1-10 . https://doi.org/10.1177/0267659118798140
dc.identifier.issn0267-6591
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 15305302
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: e260ad00-7cbd-4027-a5b6-362472993857
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85059633621
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2299/20545
dc.description.abstractIntroduction: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) training programs employ real ECMO components, causing them to be extremely expensive while offering little realism in terms of blood oxygenation and pressure. To overcome those limitations, we are developing a standalone modular ECMO simulator that reproduces ECMO’s visual, audio and haptic cues using affordable mechanisms. We present a central component of this simulator, capable of visually reproducing blood oxygenation color change using thermochromism. Methods: Our simulated ECMO circuit consists of two physically distant modules, responsible for adding and withdrawing heat from a thermochromic fluid. This manipulation of heat creates a temperature difference between the fluid in the drainage line and the fluid in the return line of the circuit and, hence, a color difference. Results: Thermochromic ink mixed with concentrated dyes was used to create a recipe for a realistic and affordable blood-colored fluid. The implemented “ECMO circuit” reproduced blood’s oxygenation and deoxygenation color difference or lack thereof. The heat control circuit costs 300 USD to build and the thermochromic fluid costs 40 USD/L. During a ten-hour in situ demonstration, nineteen ECMO specialists rated the fidelity of the oxygenated and deoxygenated “blood” and the color contrast between them as highly realistic. Conclusions: Using low-cost yet high-fidelity simulation mechanisms, we implemented the central subsystem of our modular ECMO simulator, which creates the look and feel of an ECMO circuit without using an actual one.en
dc.format.extent10
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofPerfusion
dc.rightsOpen
dc.subjectblood oxygenation
dc.subjectextracorporeal membrane oxygenation
dc.subjecthigh-fidelity simulation
dc.subjectsimulation-based training
dc.subjectthermochromism
dc.subjectRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
dc.subjectSafety Research
dc.subjectCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
dc.subjectAdvanced and Specialised Nursing
dc.titleUsing thermochromism to simulate blood oxygenation in extracorporeal membrane oxygenationen
dc.contributor.institutionAllied Health Professions
dc.contributor.institutionParamedic Science
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Health and Social Work
dc.description.statusPeer reviewed
dc.identifier.urlhttp://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85059633621&partnerID=8YFLogxK
dc.relation.schoolSchool of Health and Social Work
dc.description.versiontypeFinal Accepted Version
dcterms.dateAccepted2018-09-07
rioxxterms.versionAM
rioxxterms.versionofrecordhttps://doi.org/10.1177/0267659118798140
rioxxterms.licenseref.uriOther
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
herts.preservation.rarelyaccessedtrue
herts.rights.accesstypeOpen


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