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dc.contributor.authorRauscher, T.
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-06T01:11:20Z
dc.date.available2018-10-06T01:11:20Z
dc.date.issued2018-09-12
dc.identifier.citationRauscher , T 2018 , ' Photonuclear Reactions in Astrophysics ' , Nuclear Physics News , vol. 28 , no. 3 , pp. 12-15 . https://doi.org/10.1080/10619127.2018.1463016
dc.identifier.issn1061-9127
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 15406522
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 9cd40e6e-63cb-4a28-b83e-a89d81dc54aa
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85053231688
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2299/20693
dc.descriptionThis is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis Group in the journal Nuclear Physics News. Published on 12 Sep 2018, available online: https://doi.org/10.1080/10619127.2018.1463016
dc.description.abstractNucleosynthesis in stars and stellar explosions proceeds via nuclear reactions in thermalized plasmas. Nuclear reactions not only transmutate elements and their isotopes, and thus create all known elements from primordial hydrogen and helium, they also release energy to keep stars in hydrostatic equilibrium over astronomical timescales. A stellar plasma has to be hot enough to provide sufficient kinetic energy to the plasma components to overcome Coulomb barriers and to allow interactions between them. Plasma components in thermal equilibrium are bare atomic nuclei, free electrons, and photons (radiation). Typical temperatures of plasmas experiencing nuclear burning range from 107 K for hydrostatic hydrogen burning (mainly interactions among protons and He isotopes) to 1010 K or more in explosive events, such as supernovae or neutron star mergers. This still translates into low interaction energies by nuclear physics standards, as the most probable energy E between reaction partners in terms of temperature is derived from Maxwell-Boltzmann statistics and yields E = T9/11.6045 MeV, where T9 is the plasma temperature in GK.en
dc.format.extent4
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofNuclear Physics News
dc.subjectNuclear and High Energy Physics
dc.titlePhotonuclear Reactions in Astrophysicsen
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for Astrophysics Research
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of Hertfordshire
dc.description.statusPeer reviewed
dc.identifier.urlhttp://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85053231688&partnerID=8YFLogxK
dc.identifier.urlhttps://arxiv.org/abs/1803.10581
rioxxterms.versionAM
rioxxterms.versionofrecordhttps://doi.org/10.1080/10619127.2018.1463016
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review


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