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dc.contributor.authorLine, Michael R.
dc.contributor.authorMarley, Mark S.
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Michael C.
dc.contributor.authorBurningham, Ben
dc.contributor.authorMorley, Caroline V.
dc.contributor.authorHinkel, Natalie R.
dc.contributor.authorTeske, Johanna
dc.contributor.authorFortney, Jonathan J.
dc.contributor.authorLupu, Roxana
dc.contributor.authorFreedman, Richard
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-30T02:09:41Z
dc.date.available2018-10-30T02:09:41Z
dc.date.issued2017-10-20
dc.identifier.citationLine , M R , Marley , M S , Liu , M C , Burningham , B , Morley , C V , Hinkel , N R , Teske , J , Fortney , J J , Lupu , R & Freedman , R 2017 , ' Uniform Atmospheric Retrieval Analysis of Ultracool Dwarfs II : Properties of 11 T-dwarfs ' , The Astrophysical Journal , vol. 848 , no. 2 , 83 . https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aa7ff0
dc.identifier.issn0004-637X
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 12208099
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 2c98756f-6892-4b87-9bf5-6ba9c71c7c60
dc.identifier.otherArXiv: http://arxiv.org/abs/1612.02809v3
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85032743077
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-4600-5627/work/64327335
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2299/20763
dc.descriptionAccepted ApJ. Supplemental material including full posteriors will be included through the link in the published ApJ article © 2017 The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
dc.description.abstractBrown dwarf spectra are rich in information revealing of the chemical and physical processes operating in their atmospheres. We apply a recently developed atmospheric retrieval tool to an ensemble of late T-dwarf (600-800K) near infrared spectra. With these spectra we are able to place direct constraints the molecular abundances of H$_2$O, CH$_4$, CO, CO$_2$, NH$_3$, H$_2$S, and Na+K, gravity, thermal structure (and effective temperature), photometric radius, and cloud optical depths. We find that ammonia, water, methane, and the alkali metals are present and well constrained in all 11 objects. From the abundance constraints we find no significant trend in the water, methane, or ammonia abundances with temperature, but find a very strong ($>$25$\sigma$) increasing trend in the alkali metal abundances with effective temperature, indicative of alkali rainout. We also find little evidence for optically thick clouds. With the methane and water abundances, we derive the intrinsic atmospheric metallicity and carbon-to-oxygen ratios. We find in our sample, that metallicities are typically sub solar and carbon-to-oxygen ratios are somewhat super solar, different than expectations from the local stellar population. We also find that the retrieved vertical thermal profiles are consistent with radiative equilibrium over the photospheric regions. Finally, we find that our retrieved effective temperatures are lower than previous inferences for some objects and that our radii are larger than expectations from evolutionary models, possibly indicative of un-resolved binaries. This investigation and methodology represents a paradigm in linking spectra to the determination of the fundamental chemical and physical processes governing cool brown dwarf atmospheres.en
dc.format.extent22
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofThe Astrophysical Journal
dc.rightsOpen
dc.subjectastro-ph.SR
dc.subjectastro-ph.EP
dc.titleUniform Atmospheric Retrieval Analysis of Ultracool Dwarfs II : Properties of 11 T-dwarfsen
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for Astrophysics Research
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Physics, Astronomy and Mathematics
dc.description.statusPeer reviewed
dc.description.versiontypeFinal Published version
dcterms.dateAccepted2017-10-20
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.versionofrecordhttps://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aa7ff0
rioxxterms.licenseref.uriOther
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
herts.preservation.rarelyaccessedtrue
herts.rights.accesstypeOpen


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