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dc.contributor.authorHadjimatheou, Katerina
dc.contributor.authorLynch, Jennifer
dc.date.accessioned2019-02-20T11:15:03Z
dc.date.available2019-02-20T11:15:03Z
dc.date.issued2018-12-31
dc.identifier.citationHadjimatheou , K & Lynch , J 2018 , ' UK Anti-Slavery at the Border: Humanitarian Opportunism and the Challenge of Victim Consent to Assistance ' , European Journal of Criminology . https://doi.org/10.1177/1477370818820645
dc.identifier.issn1477-3708
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 15752175
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: f8f8948e-792e-4c42-acf8-98b37a69531f
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85059506119
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2299/21115
dc.description.abstractThe UK’s Modern Slavery Strategy, launched in 2014, gives Border Force Officers a key role as anti-slavery first responders, identifying and supporting victims at the border. Yet, while an estimated 94 percent of victims identified in the UK cross UK borders, in 2016 less than 3 percent of victim referrals were made at the border. This article draws on a series of in-depth interviews with a specialized Safeguarding and Anti-Trafficking (SAT) team within the UK Border Force to shed light on this discrepancy. In doing so, it takes forward critical debates about the coherence of humanitarian anti-slavery policy and the consistency of its ambitions with a continued prioritization by governments of security policy and immigration control. The article furthers two key arguments: first, that current policy around anti-slavery first response at the border is grounded in a rationale of ‘humanitarian opportunism’, which states that borders are sites of unique opportunity to identify and assist victims of trafficking, and that Border Force Officers therefore have a humanitarian duty to identify and assist victims; second, that the humanitarian opportunity is in reality far more restricted in practice than the policy rhetoric suggests, a fact that goes some way to explaining the very small numbers of those identified as trafficked and assisted at UK borders. Two key challenges to successful identification and support are identified: the first is EU freedom of movement, which in effect exempts European citizens from vulnerability screening by Border Force Officers; the second is the requirement that Border Force Officers obtain written consent from those identified as trafficked to being labelled a victim of crime before they can be offered support. The article puts forward some suggestions for how these challenges could be addressed for the benefit of those trafficked.en
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofEuropean Journal of Criminology
dc.rightsEmbargoed
dc.titleUK Anti-Slavery at the Border: Humanitarian Opportunism and the Challenge of Victim Consent to Assistanceen
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for Research in Public Health and Community Care
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Health and Social Work
dc.contributor.institutionOlder People's Health and Complex Conditions
dc.description.statusPeer reviewed
dc.date.embargoedUntil2018-12-31
dc.relation.schoolSchool of Health and Social Work
dc.description.versiontypeFinal Accepted Version
dcterms.dateAccepted2018-12-31
rioxxterms.versionAM
rioxxterms.versionofrecordhttps://doi.org/10.1177/1477370818820645
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
herts.preservation.rarelyaccessedtrue
herts.rights.accesstypeEmbargoed


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