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dc.contributor.authorSchnitzspahn, Katharina
dc.contributor.authorKvavilashvili, Lia
dc.contributor.authorAltgassen, Mareike
dc.date.accessioned2019-04-03T14:07:10Z
dc.date.available2019-04-03T14:07:10Z
dc.date.issued2018-12-26
dc.identifier.citationSchnitzspahn , K , Kvavilashvili , L & Altgassen , M 2018 , ' Redefining the pattern of age-prospective memory-paradox: new insights on age effects in lab-based, naturalistic, and self-assigned tasks ' , Psychological Research , pp. 1-17 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-018-1140-2
dc.identifier.issn0340-0727
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 16514559
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 78c78511-1d26-4103-b474-eaa5fb8b8d80
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85059093531
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2299/21237
dc.description© The Author(s) 2018
dc.description.abstractProspective memory (PM) involves remembering intended actions in the future, such as posting a letter when seeing a post box (event-based PM) or making a phone call at 2:00 pm (time-based PM). Studies on aging and PM have often reported negative age e ects in the laboratory, but positive age e ects in naturalistic tasks outside the laboratory (the so-called age–PM-paradox). The present study re-examined this pattern of the paradox by studying, for the rst time, age di erences in time- and event-based PM in lab-based, experimenter-generated naturalistic and self-assigned real-life PM tasks within the same sample of young and older adults. Results showed that di erential age e ects in and outside the laboratory were quali ed by the type of PM cue. While age-related de cits were obtained for laboratory event-based tasks, no age e ect was obtained for naturalistic event-based PM. Age bene ts in the eld were only observed for naturalistic time-based tasks, but not for participants’ own self-assigned time-based tasks. These ndings indicate that the age bene ts for naturalistic PM tasks may have been overestimated due to the dominant use of experimenter-generated naturalistic time-based PM tasks in previous studies. Therefore, the precise pattern of the age–PM-paradox may need rede ning as mostly consisting of negative age e ects in lab-based PM tasks and mostly the absence of negative age e ects (rather than age bene ts) in naturalistic and self-assigned tasks outside the laboratory.en
dc.format.extent1
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofPsychological Research
dc.titleRedefining the pattern of age-prospective memory-paradox: new insights on age effects in lab-based, naturalistic, and self-assigned tasksen
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Life and Medical Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Psychology and Sports Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionPsychology
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for Research in Psychology and Sport Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionLearning, Memory and Thinking
dc.description.statusPeer reviewed
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.versionofrecordhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-018-1140-2
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
herts.preservation.rarelyaccessedtrue


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