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dc.contributor.authorKesieme, Uchenna
dc.contributor.authorPazouki, Kayvan
dc.contributor.authorMurphy, Alan
dc.contributor.authorChrysanthou, Andreas
dc.date.accessioned2019-04-12T14:06:20Z
dc.date.available2019-04-12T14:06:20Z
dc.date.issued2019-03-05
dc.identifier.citationKesieme , U , Pazouki , K , Murphy , A & Chrysanthou , A 2019 , ' Biofuel as an alternative shipping fuel : technological, environmental and economic assessment ' , Sustainable Energy & Fuels , vol. 3 , no. 4 , pp. 899-909 . https://doi.org/10.1039/C8SE00466H
dc.identifier.issn2398-4902
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 16356339
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: ce1a4d08-2045-42ff-b239-ca72c80c6075
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85063420641
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-4176-1004/work/62752063
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2299/21259
dc.description© Royal Society of Chemistry 2019
dc.description.abstractFossil derived fuels available for application within the maritime sector have been dominated by heavy fuel oil (HFO), which is conventionally used in low speed (main) engines, and more refined fuels such as marine diesel oil (MDO), which is consumed in fast or medium speed engines. However, increasing fuel costs and regulatory pressure such as the restrictions placed on sulphur content have increased interest in the use of alternative fuels. A number of alternative fuels have been identified and may be viable for use within the maritime sector including straight vegetable oil (SVO) as an alternative to HFO in low speed engines, biodiesel to replace MDO/MGO in low to medium speed engines and bio-liquefied natural gas (bio-LNG) in gas engines using LNG. The potential sources of biomass feedstocks, conversion pathways and technologies are identified. The key parameters limiting their potential application are examined, in particular, availability, technological development, technical integration, and operational consequences. A proposed solution to overcome these limitations is recommended. The effective implementation of these strategies will enable the more widespread use of biofuels in marine applications, significantly reducing emissions from ships and improving global air quality and also protecting the ecological environment.en
dc.format.extent11
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofSustainable Energy & Fuels
dc.subjectEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
dc.subjectFuel Technology
dc.subjectRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
dc.titleBiofuel as an alternative shipping fuel : technological, environmental and economic assessmenten
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Engineering and Technology
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for Engineering Research
dc.contributor.institutionMaterials and Structures
dc.description.statusPeer reviewed
dc.date.embargoedUntil2020-03-05
dc.identifier.urlhttp://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85063420641&partnerID=8YFLogxK
rioxxterms.versionAM
rioxxterms.versionofrecordhttps://doi.org/10.1039/C8SE00466H
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
herts.preservation.rarelyaccessedtrue


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