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dc.contributor.authorSchifano, Fabrizio
dc.contributor.authorNapoletano, Flavia
dc.contributor.authorChiappini, Stephania
dc.contributor.authorGuirguis, Amira
dc.contributor.authorCorkery, John
dc.contributor.authorBonaccorso, Stefania
dc.contributor.authorRicciardi, Angelo
dc.contributor.authorScherbaum, Norbert
dc.contributor.authorvento, alessandro
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-17T00:08:43Z
dc.date.available2019-10-17T00:08:43Z
dc.date.issued2019-07-22
dc.identifier.citationSchifano , F , Napoletano , F , Chiappini , S , Guirguis , A , Corkery , J , Bonaccorso , S , Ricciardi , A , Scherbaum , N & vento , A 2019 , ' New/emerging psychoactive substances and associated psychopathological consequences ' , Psychological Medicine . https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291719001727
dc.identifier.issn0033-2917
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 17012583
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 5ae40f31-e70d-43f1-9c73-7861ca6f1bf2
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-8255-0660/work/63352151
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85069538323
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2299/21774
dc.descriptionSubmitted 24 November 2018, Revised 18 June 2019, Accepted 26 June 2019, Published online 22 July 2019
dc.description.abstractBackgroundThe present paper provides an updated review of both the large number of new/novel/emerging psychoactive substances (NPS) and their associated psychopathological consequences. Focus was here given on identification of those NPS being commented in specialised online sources and the related short-/long-term psychopathological and medical ill-health effects.MethodsNPS have been identified through an innovative crawling/navigating software, called the 'NPS.Finder®', created in order to facilitate the process of early recognition of NPS online. A range of information regarding NPS, including chemical and street names; chemical formula; three-dimensional image and anecdotally reported clinical/psychoactive effects, were here made available.ResultsUsing the 'NPS.Finder®' approach, a few thousand NPS were here preliminarily identified, a number which is about 4-fold higher than those figures suggested by European and international drug agencies. NPS most commonly associated with the onset of psychopathological consequences included here synthetic cannabinoids/cannabimimetics; new synthetic opioids; ketamine-like dissociatives; novel stimulants; novel psychedelics and several prescription and over-the-counter medicines.ConclusionsThe ever-increasing changes in terms of recreational psychotropics' availability represent a relatively new challenge for psychiatry, as the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of many NPS have not been thoroughly understood. Health/mental health professionals should be informed about the range of NPS; their intake modalities; their psychoactive sought-after effects; the idiosyncratic psychotropics' combinations and finally, their medical and psychopathological risks.en
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofPsychological Medicine
dc.subjectnew psychoactive substances (NPS)
dc.subjectPsychedelics
dc.subjectdrug-induced psychosis
dc.subjectprescribing drug misuse
dc.subjectdrug misuse
dc.subjectNPS
dc.subjectpsychedelics
dc.subjectDrug-induced psychosis
dc.subjectnew psychoactive substances
dc.subjectPsychiatry and Mental health
dc.subjectApplied Psychology
dc.titleNew/emerging psychoactive substances and associated psychopathological consequencesen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Clinical and Pharmaceutical Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for Health Services and Clinical Research
dc.contributor.institutionPsychopharmacology, Drug Misuse and Novel Psychoactive Substances Unit
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Life and Medical Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for Clinical Practice, Safe Medicines and Drug Misuse Research
dc.description.statusPeer reviewed
dc.date.embargoedUntil2020-01-22
dc.identifier.urlhttp://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85069538323&partnerID=8YFLogxK
rioxxterms.versionAM
rioxxterms.versionofrecordhttps://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291719001727
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
herts.preservation.rarelyaccessedtrue


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