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dc.contributor.authorNewby, Katie
dc.contributor.authorVarnes, Laura
dc.contributor.authorYorke, Eleanor
dc.contributor.authorMeisel, Susanne F
dc.contributor.authorFisher, Abi
dc.date.accessioned2019-12-17T01:08:08Z
dc.date.available2019-12-17T01:08:08Z
dc.date.issued2019-12-09
dc.identifier.citationNewby , K , Varnes , L , Yorke , E , Meisel , S F & Fisher , A 2019 , ' Illness Risk Representation beliefs underlying adolescents' cardiovascular disease risk appraisals and the preventative role of physical activity ' , British Journal of Health Psychology . https://doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12400
dc.identifier.issn1359-107X
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 18193842
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 13310858-c369-406a-8c4a-c07c3f8e47f4
dc.identifier.otherPubMed: 31814243
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85076369931
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-9348-0116/work/68244719
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2299/22012
dc.description© 2019 The British Psychological Society. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Newby, K., Varnes, L., Yorke, E., Meisel, S. F., & Fisher, A. (2019). Illness Risk Representation beliefs underlying adolescents' cardiovascular disease risk appraisals and the preventative role of physical activity. British Journal of Health Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12400. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVES: The primary aim was to explore adolescents' cardiovascular disease risk appraisals and establish whether they understood the preventative role of physical activity (PA). The secondary aim was to examine whether adolescents' cardiovascular disease risk appraisal fitted with the Illness Risk Representations (IRR) framework. DESIGN: Qualitative. METHODS: Thirty-one adolescents aged between 13 and 15 years participated in semi-structured interviews. Data were analysed using Framework Analysis. RESULTS: Knowledge of lifestyle behaviours contributing to cardiovascular disease was good. Participants reflected on their current (or expected future) patterns of these behaviours when making judgements about lifetime risk. They struggled however to explain how different health behaviours, including PA, affected the development of the disease. Cardiovascular disease was viewed as potentially fatal, but participants had only a superficial understanding of the consequences of, or treatments for, the disease. The IRR framework, as proposed by Cameron (2003, https://cancercontrol.cancer.gov/brp/research/theories_project/cameron.pdf), largely captured the way in which adolescents' made judgements about their risk of cardiovascular disease. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that adolescents are underestimating their risk of cardiovascular disease due to unhelpful beliefs. Interventions should: provide clear and simple explanations of how different health behaviours contribute to cardiovascular risk, highlight discrepancies that exist between current levels of preventative behaviour and that required to confer a protective effect, expose the false belief that a lack of PA in early life can be compensated for in later adulthood, and aid understanding of the true impact that the disease and its treatment could have of health and quality of life outcomes. Statement of contribution What is already known on this subject? Physical activity (PA) throughout one's lifetime can reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. The majority of adolescents' do not meet the recommended levels of PA. Changing beliefs about the risk of cardiovascular disease might be a useful strategy to motivate engagement in PA. What does this study add? An increased understanding of adolescents' knowledge of cardiovascular disease and the link with PA. Identification of strategies to change adolescents' risk perceptions of cardiovascular disease in ways that could motivate PA. Evidence to support the Illness Risk Representation framework.en
dc.format.extent18
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofBritish Journal of Health Psychology
dc.rightsEmbargoed
dc.subjectIllness Risk Representations framework
dc.subjectcardiovascular disease
dc.subjectcommon-sense model
dc.subjectphysical activity
dc.subjectrisk appraisal
dc.subjectApplied Psychology
dc.titleIllness Risk Representation beliefs underlying adolescents' cardiovascular disease risk appraisals and the preventative role of physical activityen
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Psychology and Sports Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Life and Medical Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for Research in Psychology and Sport Sciences
dc.description.statusPeer reviewed
dc.date.embargoedUntil2020-12-09
dc.identifier.urlhttp://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85076369931&partnerID=8YFLogxK
dc.relation.schoolSchool of Life and Medical Sciences
dc.description.versiontypeFinal Accepted Version
dcterms.dateAccepted2019-12-09
rioxxterms.versionAM
rioxxterms.versionofrecordhttps://doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12400
rioxxterms.licenseref.uriOther
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2020-12-09
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
herts.preservation.rarelyaccessedtrue
herts.date.embargo2020-12-09
herts.rights.accesstypeEmbargoed


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