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dc.contributor.authorBarrett, Hazel
dc.contributor.authorBrown, Katherine
dc.contributor.authorAlhassan, Yussif
dc.contributor.authorleye, Els
dc.date.accessioned2020-03-24T01:10:57Z
dc.date.available2020-03-24T01:10:57Z
dc.date.issued2020-03-18
dc.identifier.citationBarrett , H , Brown , K , Alhassan , Y & leye , E 2020 , ' Transforming Social Norms to end FGM in the EU: An Evaluation of The REPLACE Approach ' , Reproductive Health , vol. 17 , no. 1 , 40 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s12978-020-0879-2
dc.identifier.issn1742-4755
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 19383535
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 81ee5c77-54a4-4fcf-9951-841835409a0e
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-2472-5754/work/71186264
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85082013005
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2299/22463
dc.description© The Author(s). 2020 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
dc.description.abstractBackgroundDespite numerous campaigns and interventions to end female genital mutilation(FGM), the practice persists across the world, including the European Union (EU).Previous interventions have focused mainly on awareness raising and legislationaimed at criminalizing the practice. Limited evidence exists on the effectiveness ofinterventions due in part to the lack of systematic evaluation of projects. This paperpresents an evaluation of the REPLACE Approach, which is a new methodology fortackling FGM based on community-based behaviour change and interventionevaluation.MethodsWe developed, trialed and evaluated the REPLACE Approach through extensiveengagement with eight FGM affected African diaspora communities in five EUcountries. We employed qualitative and quantitative tools to obtain data to inform thedevelopment, implementation and evaluation of the approach. These includedcommunity-based participatory action research, questionnaires and communityreadiness assessments. The research took place between 2010 and 2016.ResultsFindings suggested that the Approach has the capability for building the capacities ofFGM affected communities to overturn social norms that perpetuate the practice. Weobserved that community-based action research is a useful methodology for collectingdata in FGM intervention settings as it allows for effective community engagement toidentify, educate and motivate influential community members to challenge thepractice, as well as obtaining useful information on the beliefs and norms that shapethe practice. We also found that community readiness assessments, pre and postintervention, were useful for tailoring interventions appropriately and for evaluatingchanges in attitudes and behaviour that may have resulted from the interventions.ConclusionThis evaluation has demonstrated that the REPLACE Approach has the potential, overtime, to bring about changes in norms and attitudes associated with FGM. Its strengthslay in the engagement with influential community members, in building the capacityand motivation of community members to undertake change, in recognising contextualdifferences in the barriers and enablers of FGM practice and in tailoring interventions tolocal community readiness to change, and then evaluating interventions to re-informimplementation. The next steps would therefore be to implement the Approach over alonger time frame to assess if it results in measurable change in behaviour.en
dc.format.extent16
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofReproductive Health
dc.rightsOpen
dc.titleTransforming Social Norms to end FGM in the EU: An Evaluation of The REPLACE Approachen
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Life and Medical Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Psychology and Sports Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Psychology, Sport and Geography
dc.contributor.institutionBehaviour Change in Health and Business
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for Research in Psychology and Sport Sciences
dc.description.statusPeer reviewed
dc.relation.schoolSchool of Life and Medical Sciences
dc.description.versiontypeFinal Published version
dcterms.dateAccepted2020-03-18
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.versionofrecordhttps://doi.org/10.1186/s12978-020-0879-2
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
herts.preservation.rarelyaccessedtrue
herts.rights.accesstypeOpen


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