Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorVismara, Matteo
dc.contributor.authorCaricasole, Valentina
dc.contributor.authorStarcevic, Vladan
dc.contributor.authorCinosi, Eduardo
dc.contributor.authorDell'Osso, Bernardo
dc.contributor.authorMartinotti, Giovanni
dc.contributor.authorFineberg, Naomi
dc.date.accessioned2020-03-24T01:11:11Z
dc.date.available2020-03-24T01:11:11Z
dc.date.issued2020-05
dc.identifier.citationVismara , M , Caricasole , V , Starcevic , V , Cinosi , E , Dell'Osso , B , Martinotti , G & Fineberg , N 2020 , ' Is Cyberchondria a New Transdiagnostic Digital Compulsive Syndrome? A Systematic Review of the Evidence ' , Comprehensive Psychiatry , vol. 99 , 152167 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2020.152167
dc.identifier.issn0010-440X
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 19629481
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: b41395d6-8f5a-49d5-8d24-40968e30119c
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85081358053
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2299/22464
dc.description© 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
dc.description.abstractBackground. Cyberchondria (CYB) has been described relatively recently as a behaviour characterized by excessive online searching for medical information that is associated with increasing levels of health anxiety. Although CYB has received some attention from researchers, there is no consensus about many of its aspects. Aims. We describe one of the first reported cases of a treatment-seeking patient with CYB. We review the published literature on the definition of CYB, its assessment, epidemiology, cost and burden, psychological models and mechanisms associated with CYB, relationships between CYB and mental disorders and prevention and treatment strategies. Methods: Systematic review of all peer-reviewed papers published within the PubMed, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Library databases. Results. 61 articles were selected. Nearly all the studies were descriptive and cross-sectional recruiting sample mainly from the general/university student population and collecting self-report data via online surveys. Data on epidemiology, clinical features, course, comorbidity and therapeutic interventions were scarce. CYB showed a self-reported association with health anxiety, hypochondriasis and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) as well as other forms of problematic usage of the internet (PUI) The psychological mechanisms associated with CYB include low self-esteem, anxiety sensitivity, intolerance of uncertainty, pain catastrophizing and certain meta-cognitive beliefs. Conclusion: A working definition of CYB includes excessive online health searches that are compulsive and may serve the purpose of seeking reassurance, whilst leading to a worsening of anxiety or distress and further negative consequences. CYB represents a clinically relevant transdiagnostic compulsive behavioural syndrome, closely related to PUI and usually presenting in association with health anxiety, hypochondriasis and/or OCD. CYB is clearly in need of further study and we identify key areas for future research.en
dc.format.extent13
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofComprehensive Psychiatry
dc.titleIs Cyberchondria a New Transdiagnostic Digital Compulsive Syndrome? A Systematic Review of the Evidenceen
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Life and Medical Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Clinical and Pharmaceutical Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for Health Services and Clinical Research
dc.contributor.institutionCognitive Neuropsychology
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Clinical, Pharmaceutical and Biological Science
dc.description.statusPeer reviewed
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.versionofrecordhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2020.152167
rioxxterms.typeOther
herts.preservation.rarelyaccessedtrue


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record