Thermoresponsive systems composed of poloxamer 407 and HPMC or NaCMC: mechanical, rheological and sol-gel transition analysis
da Silva, Jéssica Bassi
Cook, Michael T.
Bruschi, Marcos Luciano
Poloxamer 407 (polox407) is widely studied as thermogelling polymer, transitioning to a gel state when warmed Polox407 forms weak hydrogels with rapid dissolution in excess solvent. This study reports the development of binary systems composed of polox407 and hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) or sodium carboxymethylcellulose (NaCMC) aiming to improve the rheological and mechanical properties of the hydrogel. The interaction between polox407 and cellulose derivatives was studied, and their interaction with biological surfaces predicted. The carbohydrates affected the mechanical and rheological behavior of polox407 in different ways, dependent on polymer type, concentration, and temperature. Tsol/gel and rheological interaction parameters were useful to select the most suitable formulations for topical or local application. Most of the binary systems exhibited plastic behavior, thixotropy and viscoelastic properties. Appropriate formulations were identified for local application, such as 17.5/3; 17.5/4; 20/3 and 20/4 (%, w/w) for polox407/HPMC; and 17.5/1; 17.5/1.5; 20/1 and 20/1.5 (%, w/w) for polox407/NaCMC.