New Type Ia supernova Yields and the Manganese and Nickel Problems in the Milky Way and Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxies
In our quest to identify the progenitors of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia), we first update the nucleosynthesis yields both for Chandrasekhar (Ch) and sub-Ch mass white dwarfs (WDs), for a wide range of metallicity, with our two-dimensional hydrodynamical code and the latest nuclear reaction rates. We then include the yields in our galactic chemical evolution code to predict the evolution of elemental abundances in the solar neighborhood and dwarf spheroidal (dSph) galaxies. In the observations of the solar neighborhood stars, Mn shows an opposite trend to alpha elements, showing an increase toward higher metallicities, which is very well reproduced by deflagration-detonation transition of Ch-mass WDs, but never by double detonations of sub-Ch-mass WDs alone. The problem of Ch-mass SNe Ia was the Ni over-production at high metallicities. However, we found that Ni yields of Ch-mass SNe Ia are much lower with the solar-scaled initial composition than in previous works, which keeps the predicted Ni abundance within the observational scatter. From the evolutionary trends of elemental abundances in the solar neighborhood, we conclude that the contribution of sub-Ch-mass SNe Ia is up to 25%. In dSph galaxies, however, the contribution of sub-Ch-mass SNe Ia seems to be higher than in the solar neighborhood. In dSphs, sub-Ch-mass SNe Ia cause a decrease of [(alpha, Cr, Mn, Ni)/Fe], while so-called SNe Iax can increase Mn and Ni abundances if they are pure deflagrations. Future observations of dSph stars will provide more stringent constraints on the progenitor systems and explosion mechanism of SNe Ia.