A Dual-Polarized Planar Antenna Array Differentially-Fed by Orthomode Transducer
Ban, Y. -L.
This paper presents a new design of a differentially-fed substrate integrated planar antenna array with dual-polarization. Compared with the traditional dual-polarized antenna arrays, the proposed array antenna has the advantages of simple configuration, high cross-polarization discrimination (XPD) and high gain. 2×2-element subarray design with a via-loaded crossover structure is used, which reduces the complexity of the array antenna. The operation bandwidth is improved by generating three resonances in the subarray. An 8×8 antenna array is designed, prototyped and tested to exemplify its potential applications in large dual-polarized antenna arrays. A planar orthomode transducer is used to achieve differential excitation for the antenna array. The measured results show that the proposed antenna array has an impedance bandwidth of 19.2–20.7 GHz for |S11|<-10 dB and port isolation higher than 20 dB. The array antenna exhibits a high XPD of 43 dB and a flat gain about 22.2 dBi within the bandwidth.