Mitigation of Harmonics and Inter-Harmonics with LVRT and HVRT Enhancement in Grid-Connected Wind Energy Systems Using Genetic Algorithm-Optimized PWM and Fuzzy Adaptive PID Control
Merabet Boulouiha, Houari
The growing installed wind capacity over the last decade has led many energy regulators to define specific grid codes for wind energy generation systems connecting to the electricity grid. These requirements impose strict laws regarding the Low Voltage Ride Though (LVRT) and High Voltage Ride Though (HVRT) capabilities of wind turbines during voltage disturbances. The main aim of this paper is to propose LVRT and HVRT strategies that allow wind systems to remain connected during severe grid voltage disturbances. Power quality issues associated with harmonics and inter-harmonics are also discussed and a control scheme for the grid-side converter is proposed to make the Wind Energy Conversion System insensitive to external disturbances and parametric variations. The Selective Harmonic Elimination Pulse Width Modulation technique based on Genetic Algorithm optimization is employed to overcome over-modulation problems, reduce the amplitudes of harmonics, and thus reduce the Total Harmonic Distortion in the current and voltage waveforms. Furthermore, to compensate for the fluctuations of the wind speed due to turbulence at the blades of the turbine, a fuzzy Proportional-Integral-Derivative controller with adaptive gains is proposed to control the converter on the generator side.