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dc.contributor.authorWilkes, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorWarner, Douglas
dc.contributor.authorEdmonds-Brown, Veronica
dc.contributor.authorDavies, Keith
dc.contributor.authorDenholm, Ian
dc.date.accessioned2021-07-21T09:43:19Z
dc.date.available2021-07-21T09:43:19Z
dc.date.issued2021-07-02
dc.identifier.citationWilkes , T , Warner , D , Edmonds-Brown , V , Davies , K & Denholm , I 2021 , ' The Tripartite Rhizobacteria-AM Fungal-Host Plant Relationship in Winter Wheat: Impact of Multi-Species Inoculation, Tillage Regime and Naturally Occurring Rhizobacteria Species ' , Plants , vol. 10 , no. 7 , 1357 . https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10071357
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 25521627
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: dfeb066c-8545-4876-a708-a9661e18833b
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-9136-9713/work/96782509
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-6060-2394/work/96782541
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-9797-874X/work/96782543
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2299/24886
dc.description© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
dc.description.abstractSoils and plant root rhizospheres have diverse microorganism profiles. Components of this naturally occurring microbiome, arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi and plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR), may be beneficial to plant growth. Supplementary application to host plants of AM fungi and PGPR either as single species or multiple species inoculants has the potential to enhance this symbiotic relationship further. Single species interactions have been described; the nature of multi-species tripartite relationships between AM fungi, PGPR and the host plant require further scrutiny. The impact of select Bacilli spp. rhizobacteria and the AM fungus Rhizophagus intraradices as both single and combined inoculations (PGPR[i] and AMF[i]) within field extracted arable soils of two tillage treatments, conventional soil inversion (CT) and zero tillage (ZT) at winter wheat growth stages GS30 and GS39 have been conducted. The naturally occurring soil borne species (PGPR[s] and AMF[s]) have been determined by qPCR analysis. Significant differences (p < 0.05) were evident between inocula treatments and the method of seedbed preparation. A positive impact on wheat plant growth was noted for B. amyloliquefaciens applied as both a single inoculant (PGPR[i]) and in combination with R. intraradices (PGPR[i] + AMF[i]); however, the two treatments did not differ significantly from each other. The findings are discussed in the context of the inocula applied and the naturally occurring soil borne PGPR[s] present in the field extracted soil under each method of tillage.en
dc.format.extent17
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofPlants
dc.rightsOpen
dc.subjectarbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
dc.subjectplant growth promoting rhizobacteria
dc.subjectwheat
dc.subjectsoil inoculum
dc.subjectmulti-species interactions
dc.subjectBacillus amlyoliquefaciens
dc.subjectRhizophagus intraradices
dc.subjectAgricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
dc.titleThe Tripartite Rhizobacteria-AM Fungal-Host Plant Relationship in Winter Wheat: Impact of Multi-Species Inoculation, Tillage Regime and Naturally Occurring Rhizobacteria Speciesen
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Life and Medical Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionAgriculture and Environment Research Unit
dc.contributor.institutionAgriculture, Food and Veterinary Sciences
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Psychology, Sport and Geography
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for Agriculture, Food and Environmental Management Research
dc.description.statusPeer reviewed
dc.relation.schoolSchool of Life and Medical Sciences
dc.description.versiontypeFinal Published version
dcterms.dateAccepted2021-07-02
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.versionofrecordhttps://doi.org/10.3390/plants10071357
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
herts.preservation.rarelyaccessedtrue
herts.rights.accesstypeOpen


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