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dc.contributor.authorShibata, Mami
dc.contributor.authorBurkauskas, Julius
dc.contributor.authorDores, Artemisa R.
dc.contributor.authorKobayashi, Kei
dc.contributor.authorYoshimura, Sayaka
dc.contributor.authorSimonato, Pierluigi
dc.contributor.authorDe Luca, Ilaria
dc.contributor.authorCicconcelli, Dorotea
dc.contributor.authorGiorgetti, Valentina
dc.contributor.authorCarvalho, Irene P.
dc.contributor.authorBarbosa, Fernando
dc.contributor.authorMonteiro, Cristina
dc.contributor.authorMurai, Toshiya
dc.contributor.authorGómez-Martínez, Maria A.
dc.contributor.authorDemetrovics, Zsolt
dc.contributor.authorÁbel, Krisztina Edina
dc.contributor.authorSzabo, Attila
dc.contributor.authorVentola, Alejandra Rebeca Melero
dc.contributor.authorArroyo-Anlló, Eva Maria
dc.contributor.authorSantos-Labrador, Ricardo M.
dc.contributor.authorGriskova-Bulanova, Inga
dc.contributor.authorPranckeviciene, Aiste
dc.contributor.authorBersani, Giuseppe
dc.contributor.authorFujiwara, Hironobu
dc.contributor.authorCorazza, Ornella
dc.date.accessioned2021-08-24T08:00:01Z
dc.date.available2021-08-24T08:00:01Z
dc.date.issued2021-07-06
dc.identifier.citationShibata , M , Burkauskas , J , Dores , A R , Kobayashi , K , Yoshimura , S , Simonato , P , De Luca , I , Cicconcelli , D , Giorgetti , V , Carvalho , I P , Barbosa , F , Monteiro , C , Murai , T , Gómez-Martínez , M A , Demetrovics , Z , Ábel , K E , Szabo , A , Ventola , A R M , Arroyo-Anlló , E M , Santos-Labrador , R M , Griskova-Bulanova , I , Pranckeviciene , A , Bersani , G , Fujiwara , H & Corazza , O 2021 , ' Exploring the Relationship Between Mental Well-Being, Exercise Routines, and the Intake of Image and Performance Enhancing Drugs During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic : A Comparison Across Sport Disciplines ' , Frontiers in Psychology , vol. 12 , 689058 . https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.689058
dc.identifier.issn1664-1078
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 25757281
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: a5ca2803-e921-4a64-b572-f7aec974e9cb
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85111009134
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-7371-319X/work/98456321
dc.identifier.otherJisc: 579b4a201dac4314ab6e4026f56fa61b
dc.identifier.otherPubMed: 34295291
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2299/25008
dc.descriptionFunding Information: This research was supported by the European Network for the Problematic Use of the Internet, the COST European Cooperation in Science and Technology, a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Innovative Areas (Ministry of Education, Culture Sports, Science and Technology, Japan, 16H06400, 16H06402, 16H06395, and 16H06397), a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A) (Japan Society for The Promotion of Science, 19H00518), a Grant-in-Aid by the Smoking Research Foundation, and Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists (20K13821), the Hungarian National Research, Development and Innovation Office (KKP126835; ELTE Thematic Excellence Programme 2020, KP2020-IKA-05). Publisher Copyright: © Copyright © 2021 Shibata, Burkauskas, Dores, Kobayashi, Yoshimura, Simonato, De Luca, Cicconcelli, Giorgetti, Carvalho, Barbosa, Monteiro, Murai, Gómez-Martínez, Demetrovics, Ábel, Szabo, Ventola, Arroyo-Anlló, Santos-Labrador, Griskova-Bulanova, Pranckeviciene, Bersani, Fujiwara and Corazza.
dc.description.abstractIntroduction: Physical distancing under the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic had a significant impact on lifestyles, including exercise routines. In this study, we examined the relationship between mental health and addictive behaviors, such as excessive exercise and the use of image and performance enhancing drugs (IPEDs) across 12 sport disciplines. Materials and methods: A large cross-sectional sample of the adult population (N = 2,295) was surveyed. The mean age was 33.09 (SD = 11.40). The number of male participants was 668 (30.0%). The use of IPEDs was assessed in conjunction with psychometric measures such as the Exercise Addiction Inventory (EAI) and the Appearance Anxiety Inventory (AAI). The participants were grouped into activity group (AG) and non-activity group (NAG) according to the presence or absence of their exercise habits. The results were compared between these groups, as well as across sport disciplines, while taking into account the relationship between different psychological measures and IPEDs consumption. Results: The frequency of IPEDs use was higher among AG (34.6%) than NAG (14.6%), although AG participants reported less history of addictions (7.1%) than NAG (11.8%). The logistic regression analysis revealed that scores equal to or above cutoff points, in both the EAI and AAI, predicted the IPEDs use. Regarding the differences across the various sport disciplines, those who were involved in practicing Weight Lifting and Cross Fit were found to be more at risk of excessive exercising and more inclined to use a wide range of IPEDs. Conclusions: Although exercise could help to increase well-being and prevent addictions during the COVID-19 pandemic, our results show that those in the AG are particularly vulnerable to excessive IPEDs use. Sport disciplines associated with higher EAI and AAI scores have also shown a higher tendency to excessive IPEDs use. Furthermore, the factor of having above the cutoff scores in EAI or AAI in each sport could indicate larger IPEDs consumption regardless of the discipline. In light of the current findings, it is necessary to better define the “non-excessive” levels of exercise in various sport disciplines and an adequate intake of IPEDs to ensure the safety and well-being of people during a pandemic.en
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofFrontiers in Psychology
dc.subjectCOVID-19
dc.subjectIPEDS
dc.subjectPsychology
dc.subjectenhancement
dc.subjectexcessive exercise
dc.subjectsupplement
dc.titleExploring the Relationship Between Mental Well-Being, Exercise Routines, and the Intake of Image and Performance Enhancing Drugs During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic : A Comparison Across Sport Disciplinesen
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for Future Societies Research
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Clinical, Pharmaceutical and Biological Science
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for Health Services and Clinical Research
dc.contributor.institutionPsychopharmacology, Drug Misuse and Novel Psychoactive Substances Unit
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Life and Medical Sciences
dc.description.statusPeer reviewed
dc.identifier.urlhttp://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85111009134&partnerID=8YFLogxK
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.versionofrecordhttps://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.689058
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
herts.preservation.rarelyaccessedtrue


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