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dc.contributor.authorAlaa, Al-Sarraf
dc.contributor.authorAnthony, Bewley
dc.contributor.authorIlaria, De Luca
dc.contributor.authorMariya, Prilutskaya
dc.contributor.authorOrnella, Corazza
dc.contributor.editorBalasingam Kasinather, Dr. Vicky
dc.date.accessioned2021-08-24T08:15:03Z
dc.date.available2021-08-24T08:15:03Z
dc.date.issued2021-06-05
dc.identifier.citationAlaa , A-S , Anthony , B , Ilaria , D L , Mariya , P , Ornella , C & Balasingam Kasinather , D V (ed.) 2021 , ' Image enhancing drugs: A narrative review on the motivational risk factors influencing skin lightening use ' , Emerging Trends in Drugs, Addictions and Health , vol. 1 , 100009 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.etdah.2021.100009
dc.identifier.issn2667-1182
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 25817504
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 206bacdc-f99b-4e5a-bf30-fa4d448833ed
dc.identifier.otherJisc: f6d2385a0ecd4454ae9957699a8e9cb3
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-7371-319X/work/99078946
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2299/25009
dc.description© 2021 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of International Society for the Study of Emerging Drugs. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ )
dc.description.abstractIntroduction In societies that place a great emphasis on physical appearance and body aestheticism, the use of image enhancing drugs (IEDs) has become increasingly widespread. Of particular concern is the use of skin lightening drugs, which might contain undisclosed and harmful ingredients of potential adulterated nature. These products are frequently advertised on social media platforms and elsewhere and used without medical consultation. Methods An explorative literature search was carried out in PubMed, Scopus, CINHAL, and ProQuest to better understand the motivational risk factors associated with skin lightening and assess their relation to body image, self-esteem, and other psychological disorders. All studies published until December 2020 were included in the review. Results A number of non-psychological factors can be associated with this practice. These include: (a) sociocultural i.e., achieve different social and cultural benefits, and (b) skin conditions such as hyperpigmentation lesions. Conversely, psychological factors can be correlated to (a) low self-esteem, (b) body image disturbances, and (c) other psychological factors like history of trauma and depressive symptoms. Conclusion Skin lightening remains a poorly studied and understood multifactorial phenomenon. More extensive research is needed to improve current clinical practice and raise public awareness on this dangerous practice.en
dc.format.extent4
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofEmerging Trends in Drugs, Addictions and Health
dc.titleImage enhancing drugs: A narrative review on the motivational risk factors influencing skin lightening useen
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for Future Societies Research
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Clinical, Pharmaceutical and Biological Science
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for Health Services and Clinical Research
dc.contributor.institutionPsychopharmacology, Drug Misuse and Novel Psychoactive Substances Unit
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Life and Medical Sciences
dc.description.statusPeer reviewed
rioxxterms.versionVoR
rioxxterms.versionofrecordhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.etdah.2021.100009
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Review
herts.preservation.rarelyaccessedtrue


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